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ActualRatings by Economists of Single Global Currency

Below are listed economists and others who have written about international economics or exchange rates or other area of relevance to the single global currency.  Also included are people who work in this area and have offered their views.

Their ratings of the Single Global Currency, using the rating system on the previous page, are given below as they were sent to us.  It is anticipated that more ratings will be listed as more and more economists research and write about the Utility and Feasibility of the Single Global Currency.

Name (and org.) Util. Feas. Tot. Comments
Tobias Adrian – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Fabrizio Adriani – University of Bristol, UK        
Terence Agbeyegbe – Hunter College, New York        
Pierre-Richard Agenor – World Bank        
Philippe Aghion – University College, London        
Mark Aguiar – University of Chicago        
Francis Ahking – University of Connecticut        
Shaghil Ahmed – Int’l Development, Federal Reserve Bk        
Choong Yong Ahn – Chung-Ang Univesity, Korea        
Emma Aisbett – University of California, Berkeley        
Joshua Aizenman – University of California at Santa Cruz        
Yunus Aksoy – University of Kent, UK        
Ratnam Alagiah – Griffith Univ., Queensland, Australia 5 5 10 Established the Australian SGCA chapter.  Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Tarik Alami – American University of Beruit        
Pedro Alba – World Bank        
Alberto Alesina – Harvard University        
Volbert Alexander – University of Giessen        
Annika Alexius – Uppsala University, Sweden        
Robert Aliber – University of Chicago, Grad Sch of Bus.        
George Allayannis – Darden Business School, Univ Va.        
Franklin Allen – Wharton School, Univ. of Pennsylvania, U.S.        
Polly Allen – University of Connecticut        
Patricia Alvarez-Plata – DIW, Berlin        
Jeffrey Amato – Bank for International Settlements        
Consuelo Gamez Amian – University of Malaga        
Nathalie Aminian – University of Le Havre, France        
Torben Anderson – Northwestern University        
Bob Anderton, Nat’l Inst of Econ & Social Research, UK        
Julian Andrada-Felix, Univ. de Las Palmas de Gran Can.        
David Andrews – European University Institute & Scripps        
Ignazio Angeloni – European Central Bank        
Barbara Annicchiarico -Univ degli Studi di Roma Tor Ver        
Vince Apilado – California State University        
Prakash Apte – I.I.M. Bangalore        
Philip Arestis – Levy Institute, Bard College        
Sven Arndt – Claremont McKenna College, Lowe Inst.        
Harvey Arbelaez – Monterey Institute of International Studies        
Carlos Arteta, Federal Reserve Board of Governors        
Michael Artis – European University Institute        
Elizabeth Asiedu – University of Kansas        
Andrew Atkeson – University of California, Los Angeles        
Gianfranco Atzeni – University of Sassari, Italy        
Stephane Auray – Universite de Toulouse and GREMAQ        
Hue Hwa AuYong – Monash University, Australia        
Ian Babetskii – Czech National Bank       22 Feb 2005 email.  "The idea of a global currency is a very challenging one, but it is a point to which humankind probably should gravitate to." 
Philippe Bacchetta – University of Lausanne        
David Backus – New York University       14 Jan 2005 email.  "Thanks for the email.  However, I have to say it’s not something I have a strong opinion about. 
Best of luck."
Sang-Kun Bae – Korea Research Institute        
H. Young Baek – University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, Texas        
Michele Bagella – Universita Tor Vergata, Roma        
Moshen Bahmani-Oskooee – University of Wisconsin        
Warren Bailey – Johnson School of Mgmnt, Cornell Univ        
Samuel Baker – Trans-national Research Corp.        
Ercan Balaban – University of Edinburgh        
Richard Baldwin – Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva        
Ronald Balvers – West Virginia University        
Abhijit Banerjee – Massachusettts Institute of Technology        
Ravi Bansal – Duke University,Fuqua School of Business        
Dennis Bams – University of Maastricht        
Ravi Bansal – Duke University, U.S.        
William Barnett – University of Kansas        
Christopher Barrett – Cornell University        
Robert Barro – Harvard University        
Leonardo Bartolini – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Sohnke Bartram – University of Lancaster, U.K.        
Katinka Barysch – Centre for European Reform, London        
Santonou Basu – South Bank University, London        
Jonathan Batten – Seoul National University        
Christian Bauer – University of Bayreuth        
Christopher Baum – Boston College        
Luc Bauwens – Catholic University of Louvain        
Tamin Bayoumi – International Monetary Fund        
Leonardo Becchetti – Universita Tor Vergata, Roma        
Roel Beetsma – Universiteit van Amsterdam        
David Begg – University of London        
Michel Beine – CEPII, France        
Stephanie Bell – Center for Full Employment & Price Stability -5 0 -5 24 July 2003 email. "Strongly oppose".
Andrea Beltrati – Universita Commerciale L. Bocconi, Milano        
Agnes Benassy-Quere – CEPII, France        
Gianluca Benigno – Bank of England        
Pierpaolo Benigno – New York University        
Karen Benson – University of Queensland        
Andrew Berg – International Monetary Fund        
Helge Berger – Center for Economic Studies, Munich        
Paul Bergin – University of California, Davis        
Michael Bergman – Lund University, Sweden        
William Bernhard – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign        
C. Fred Bergsten – Institute for International Economics        
Jeffrey Bergstrand – University of Notre Dame        
Anders Bergvall – Uppsala University        
Carol Bertaut – Federal Reserve Board of Governors        
Giuseppe Bertola – European University Institute, Firenze        
Damien Besancenot – University of Paris        
Caroline Betts – University of Southern California        
Franco Bevilacqua – University of Maastricht        
Andreas Beyer – European Central Bank        
Amar Bhattacharya – World Bank        
Joydeep Bhattacharya – Iowa State University        
Utpal Bhattacharya – Indiana University        
Monica Billio – University Ca’ Foscari of Venice        
Josh Bivens – Economic Policy Institute, Washington        
Geir Bjonnes -Stockholm Institute for Financial Research        
Hilde Bjornland – University of Oslo        
Olivier Blanchard – Mass. Institute of Technology        
Michael Bleaney – University of Nottingham        
Lloyd Blenman – University of North Carolina        
Mark Blok – ABP Investments, Heerlen, Netherlands        
Hjalmar Boehm – Universitat Hamburg        
Volker Boehm – University of Bielefeld, Deutschland        
Peter Bofinger – University of Wuerzburg        
Tim Bollerslev – Duke University        
Marco Bonomo – Praia de Botafogo, Rio De Janeiro        
Michael Bordo – Rutgers University, New Jersey        
Eduardo Borensztein – International Monetary Fund        
Claudio Borio – Bank for International Settlements        
Michael Boskin – Stanford University        
Laura Bottazzi – University of Bocconi, Milan        
Hafedh Bouakez – HEC Montreal        
Michael Bowe – Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK        
Chakriya Bowman – Australian National University        
David Bowman – Federal Reserve Board        
Russell S. Boyer – University of Western Ontario, Canada        
Josef Brada – Arizona State University, U.S.        
Michael Brandt – Fuqua Business School, Duke Univ.        
Andrzej Bratkowski – Central European University        
George Bratsiotis – University of Manchester, U.K.        
R.A. Brealey, London Business School        
Hugh Bredenkamp – International Monetary Fund        
Francis Breedon – Imperial College, London        
Reuven Brenner – McGill University, Montreal        
Janice Breuer – Moore School of Business, Univ. of South Carolina        
Arturo Bris – Yale School of Management        
Christian Broda – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
J. Lawrence Broz – Univ. of California, San Diego        
Allard Bruinshoofd – Masstricht University        
Catherine Bruneau – University of Paris X        
Marko Brunner – University of Giessen        
Dick Bryan – Sydney University        
Ralph C. Bryant – Brookings Institution       From his book, "Turbulent Waters, page 413, "…conceivably, eventually even a single common currency for the entire world – might seriously be debated by policymakers as well as academics."
Michal Brzoza-Brzezina – National Bank of Poland        
Thierry Buchs – International Finance Corporation, Wash, DC        
Christopher Budd – Centre for Associative Economics, Canterbury 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Willem Buiter – European Bank for Reconstruction & Dev.        
Ales Bulir – Czech National Bank        
Maurice Bun – University of Amsterdam        
Kraiwinee Bunyaratavej – George Washington University        
Craig Burnside – University of Virginia        
Ariel Burstein – Northwestern University, Chicago        
Francesco Busato – Columbia University        
Hans Bystrom – LUnd Univesity, Sweden        
Ricardo Caballero – Massachusetts Inst. of Technology        
Sidney Caetano – Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil        
Mustafa Caglayan – University of Liverpool        
Edgar Cahn – Timedollar Institute        
Jun Cai – City University, Hong Kong        
Cesar Calderon – Central Bank of Chile        
Lars Calmfors – Stockholm University        
Guillermo Calvo – University of Maryland        
Mariam Camarero – Universitat Jaume I, Espana        
Gabrielle Camera – Purdue University        
Jose Manuel Campa – IESE Business Sch.,Univ de Nav.        
Bernard Candelon – Maastricht University        
Fabio Canova – Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Italy        
Matthew Canzoneri – Georgetown University        
Henry Cao – University of North Carolina        
Rodrigo Caputo – Central Bank of Chile        
Guglielmo Maria Caporale – South Bank Univ., London        
Alina Carare – International Monetary Fund        
Barry Carin – Center for Global Studies, Univ of Victoria, Canada 3 4 7 19 August 2003 email "I agree that the idea is intriguing and worthwhile."
John Carlson – Purdue University, U.S.        
Charles Carlstrom – Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland        
Jack L. Carr – University of Toronto        
Luis Carranza – Universidad San Martin de Porres, Lima        
Francesca Carrieri – McGill University        
David Carter – Oklahoma State University        
Kevin Carey – World Bank Institute        
Alessandra Casella – Columbia University        
Paul Cashin – International Monetary Fund        
Olli Castren – European Central Bank        
Michele Ca’zorzi – European Central Bank        
Stephen Cecchetti – Brandeis University 3 3 6 23 March 2005 (Source, co-author, Stefan Krause)
Luis Cespedes – Central Bank of Chile        
Alain Chaboud – Federal Resreve Board        
Rajesh Chakrabarti – Georgia Institute of Technology        
Alex Chan – University of Hong Kong, School of Econ        
Wing Chan – Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario        
Gene Chang- University of Toledo, Ohio, U.S.        
Roberto Chang – Rutgers University, New Jersey        
Chi-Chur Chao – Chinese University of Hong Kong        
Slim Chaouachi – University of Paris        
Anusha Chari – University of Michigan        
Varadarajan Chari – University of Minnesota, FRB, Mnpls        
Somnath Chatterjee – University of Glasgow        
Sophie Chauvin – CEPII, France        
Chuling Chen – Univ. of California at Los Angeles        
Nai-fu Chen – Hong Kong University of Science & Tech.        
Yea-Mow Chen – San Francisco State University, U.S.        
Yu-chin Chen – Harvard University        
Yueh Chen – National Sun Yat Sen University, Taiwan        
Yu-Fu Chen – University of Dundee, Scotland        
Leonard Cheng – Hong Kong University of Science and Technology        
Chongcheul Cheong – Kyungpook National University        
Yin-Wong Cheung – University of California, Santa Cruz        
Jason Childs – University of New Brunswick at Saint John, Canada        
Menzie David Chinn – University of California, Santa Cruz        
Dionysios Chionis – University of Thessaly, Greece        
Y. Stephen Chiu – Chinese University of Hong Kong        
Peter Chobanov – bulgarian National Bank        
Chi-Young Choi – University of New Hampshire, U.S.        
Georgios Chortareas – Bank of England        
Taufiq Choudhry – Univesity of Bradford, U.K.        
Ibrahim Chowdhury – University of Cologne        
Masudul Choudhury – University College of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia 5 5 10 Professor Choudhury was scheduled to present a paper at the First SGC Conference, Bretton Woods, 9 July 2004, but was unable to attend.
Nada Choueiri – International Monetary Fund        
Hwee Kwan Chow – Monetary Authority of Hong Kong        
Bhagwan Chowdhry – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Josef Christl – Oesterreichische Nationalbank        
Huimin Chung – National Chiao Tung Univ., Taiwan        
Matteo Ciccarelli – European Central Bank        
Andrea Cipolini – Queen Mary University        
Stijn Claessens – University of Amsterdam        
Peter Claeys – European University Institute -1 0 -1

"1 harmful" i.e. -1.

email, 27 October 2004, "I am  strongly convinced that the benefits of monetary union far outweigh the costs of a common monetary policy, and the success of the EMU in its first five years attests of this. However, the political conditions for this success need to be fulfilled, and continuing political support is a necessary condition for the success of EMU."

Richard Clarida – Columbia University        
Ephraim Clark – Middlesex University, London        
William Clark – New York University        
Volker Clausen – University of Duisburg-Essen        
David Cleeton – Oberlin College, Ohio        
David Cobham – University of St. Andrews, Scotland        
John Cochrane – University of Chicago, Grad. Bus. Sch.        
Lorenzo Codogno – Bank of America, Milan        
Gunther Coenen – European Central Bank        
Benjamin H. Cohen – International Monetary Fund        
Benjamin J. Cohen – University of California at Santa Barbara -2 0 -2 20 July 2003 email.  Not support, but, still, "It is important to get people thinking about the problem of monetary instability."
Daniel Cohen – DELTA-ENS, Paris & CDPR, London        
Helene Colas – CEPII, Paris        
Andrew Coleman – University of Michigan        
Charles Colgan – University of Southern Maine        
Fabrice Collard – GREMAQ, University of Toulouse        
Davd Cook – Hong Kong University of Science and Technology        
Thomas Cooley – Stern School of Business, NYU        
Richard Cooper – Harvard University       18 July 2003 email.  Supports SGC for industrialized countries, but not others.  Need an international structure that would ‘command legitimacy."
Russell Cooper – Boston University        
Vittorio Corbo – Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile        
Max Corden – University of Melbourne        
Jose Luis Cordeiro – Central University of Venezuela 4 4 8 28 April 2004 "Let me congratulate you for your efforts."
Fabrizio Coricelli – Universita degli Studi di Siena        
Germana Corrado – University of Rome        
Luisa Corrado – Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Verg        
Giancarlo Corsetti – Yale, University of Rome        
Virginia Coudert – Bank of France        
Cecile Couhard – University of Paris        
Serge Coulombe – University of Ottowa        
Maylis Coupet – CEPII, Paris        
Thomas Courchene – Queens University, Ontario        
Pietro Cova – Georgetown University, U.S.        
Kevin Cowan – Inter-American Development Bank        
Petre Crabb – Northwest Nazarene University        
Roger Craine – University of California, Berkeley        
Jerome Creel – Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE)        


Crespo-Cuaresma – University of Vienna

Patrick M. Crowley – Bank of Finland        

Alex Cukierman –

Tel-Aviv University

Robert Cumby – Georgetown University        
Phomchanok Cumperayot -Chulaongkom Univ, Bangkok        
David Cushman – University of Saskatchewan        
Magnus Dahlquist – Duke University, Fuqua Sch. of Bus.        
Niels Dam – University of Copenhagen        
Jon Danielsson – London School of Economics        
Christian Danne – Tubingen University, Denmark        
Cinzia Daraio – Sant’ Anna School of Advanced Studies        
Sergio DaSilva – Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil        
Paul Davidson – University of Tennessee       28 July 2003 email. "A single global currency may be the best innovation available to improve economic stability, propagate prosperity, and eliminate currency crises."
James Dean – Western Washington University        
James W. Dean – Simon Fraser University, Canada        
Joaquim Pinto de Andrade – University of Brasilia        
Olivier de Bandt – Banque de France        
Xavier Debrun, International Monetary Fund        
Marcello De Cecco – Universita di Roma        
Stephane Dees – European Central Bank        
M. Lebe de Freitas – Universidad de Aveiro, Portugal       10 May 2004. "I am strongly in favour of a world single currency… However, I doubt there will be political conditions to implement such step."
Paul de Grauwe – Catholic University of Leuven        
Jose DeGregorio – Central Bank of Chile        
Jakob de Haan – Rijksuniversiteit Groningen,Netherlands        
Vivek Dehejia – Carleton University, Ottawa       23 Feb 2005 email.  "I am a supporter of a single global currency as the long run goal towards which to work. I agree with Paul Volcker, and my friend and mentor Bob Mundell, that a ‘global economy requires a global currency.’ " 
Abe de Jong – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Frank DeJong – University of Amsterdam, CEPR        
Augusto de la Torre – World Bank        
Robert Dekle – University of Southern California        
Harris Dellas – University of Bern        
J. Bradford DeLong – University of California, Berkeley        
Panicos Demetriades – University of Leicester        
Rodrigo De Rato Y Figaredo – International Monetary Fund        
Jean Dermine – INSEAD, Fontainebleau       22 July 2003 email. "ability of some countries to devalue has proven to be helpful in many cases."
Alexis Derviz – Czech National Bank       9 July 2004 email  "I am not a fan of currency unions in general or single global currency in particular as a supposed remedy for world problems."
Mihir Desai – Harvard Business School        
Giorgio DeSantis – Goldman Sachs Asset Management        
Roberto DeSantis – European Central Bank        
Lucio Vinhas de Souza – Kiel Institute for World Econ.        
Michael B. Devereux – University of British Columbia        
Caspar de Vries – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Hans Dewachter – Katholieke Universiteit Leuven        
Kathryn Dewenter – University of Washington        
Payayiotis Diamandis – Athens University of Econ & Bus.        
Douglas Diamond – University of Chicago        
Ali Dib – Bank of Canada        
Behzad Diba – Georgetown University        
Giovanni Di Bartolomeo – University of Rome        
Francis Diebold – University of Pennsylvania        
Filippo Di Mauro – European Central Bank        
Piti Disyatat – Bank of Thailand        
Avinash Dixit – Princeton University        
Quy Toan Do – World Bank        
Wendy Dobson – University of Toronto, Rotman School        
Walter Dolde – University of Connecticut, Business School        
Ilker Domac – Turkey Central Bank        
Kathryn Dominguez – University of Michigan, Ann Arbor        
Michael Dooley – Univ. of Calif., Santa Clara, and Deutsche Bank        
Anita Doraisami – Monash University        
James Dorn – Cato Institute        
Ettore Dorrucci – European Central Bank        
John A. Doukas – Stern School of Business, New York University        
Kevin Dowd – Nottingham Univ. Business School        
Allan Drazen – Tel Aviv University        
Imed Drine – Universite Paris I Pantheon – Sorbonne        
Chris D’Souza – Bank of Canada        
Margarida Duarte – Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond        
Gilles Dufrenot – University of Paris        
Sebastian Dullien – Financial Times, Germany        
Mardi Dungey – Australian National University, Canberra        
Bill Dupor – Ohio State University        
Manoranjan Dutta – Rutgers University, U.S.       27 Feb 2005 email.  "I believe that once several continental currencies with competitive shares of world output and trade will have been functionally operational, one global currency may be the next step."
Mark Eaker – Darden Business School, University of Virginia        
John Edmunds – Babson College 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter, and presenter at First Annual Single Global Currency Conference, Bretton Woods, 2004.
Radcliffe Edmunds – Southern Illinois University        
Sebastian Edwards – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Balazs Egert – University of Paris X-Nanterre        
Martin Eichenbaum – Northwestern University        
Barry Eichengreen –  Univ. of California,  Berkeley        
Sylvester Eijffinger – Univ. of Tilburg, Netherlands        
Graham Elliott – University of California, San Diego        
Martin Ellison – University of Warwick, U.K.        
M. Shahe Emran – Georgetown University        
Charles Engel – University of Wisconsin        
Jacob Engwerda – Tilburg University        
Horst Entorf – Darmstadt University of Technology        
Gazi Ercel – Ercel Global Advisory (formerly Turkey Central Bank)        
Neil Ericsson – International Finance, Federal Reserve Board        
Pavel Erochkine – Center for Global Studies, London 2 3 5 29 Sept 2003 email.  "A gradual return to a Bretton Woods-like system may be desirable, at least for the industrialised countries.  A world single currency could then be a natural next step."
Vihang Errunza – McGill University        
Paulo Esteves – Bank of Portugal        
Cheol S. Eun – Georgia Tech University, U.S.       8 Feb 2005 email.  "As the world becomes more integrated, costs may eventually fall below benefits, when it becomes more realistic to discuss the feasibility of the world currency.  Meanwhile, it may be beneficial to reduce the excessive exchange rate volatility among the dollar, euro, and yen."
Martin Evans – Georgetown University        
Christina Evelies-Metz – University of Frankfurt        
Robert Faff – Monash University, Australia        
Gabriel Fagan – European Central Bank        
Ester Faia – Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona        
Roy Fair – Yale University        
Eduardo Fajnzylber – University of California, Los Angeles        
Mintao Fan – University of California at Berkeley        
Wenshwo Fang – Feng Chia University, Taiwan        
Katie Farrant – Bank of England        
Antonio Fatas – INSEAD        
Rasmus Fatum – University of Alberta        
Jeff Faux – Economic Policy Institute, Washington        
Carlo Favero – Universita Bocconi, Milan        
Christopher Fawson – Utah State University        
Daniela Federici – University of Rome        
Robert Feenstra – University of California, Davis        
Edgar Feige – University of Wisconsin        
Holger Feist – Princeton University        
Jonathan Feinstein – Yale School of Management        
Martin Feldstein – Harvard and Nat’l Bur of Econ Research       27 Feb. 2005 email. "My main problem with a single currency – even for an area like the EU – is that countries lose the opportunity for monetary policy and the automatic response of interest rates and exchange rates that help to stabilize incomes and output. "
Gianluca Femminis – Univ. Cat. del Sacro Cuore di Milano        
Leopoldo Fergusson – Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Columbia        
Eduardo Fernandez-Arias – Inter-American Development Bank        
Viviana Fernandez – University of Chile        
Montserrat Ferre – Universitat Rovira i Virgili        
Jarko Fidrmuc – Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Vienna        
David Fielding – WIDER and University of Leicester        
Charles Figuieres – University of Bristol        
Andrew Filardo – Bank for International Settlements        
Renato Filosa – Bank for International Settlements        
Gerhard Fink – Vienna University        
Stefano Firpo – European Central Bank        
Andreas Fischer – Swiss National Bank        
Christoph Fischer – Deutsche Bundesbank        
Stanley Fischer – Citigroup International        
Lance Fisher – University of New South Wales        
Doireann Fitzgerald – Univ. of California, Santa Cruz        
Marc Flandreau – Institut d’Etudes Politiques, Paris        
Thomas Flavin – National University of Ireland        
Michael Fleming – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Martin Floden – Stockholm School of Economics        
John E. Floyd – University of Toronto        
Michael Folkerts-Landau – Deutsche Bank        
Lionel Fontagne – CEPII, Paris        
Kristin Forbes – Sloan School of Management, MIT        
Gail Fosler – Conference Board        
Stilianos Fountas – University of Macedonia, Greece        
Bill B. Francis – University of South Florida        
Manuela Francisco – Universidad do Minho, Portugal        
Jeffrey Frankel – Harvard University       18 Nov. 2004 email  "The idea of a single world currency is familiar to most international
economists.   All I can say is that I think it would have big benefits, but
also big costs.  On the benefit side, if it were achievable, I think it
would provide a big boost to world trade, which would in turn be good for
Myron Frankman – McGill University        
Wolfgang Franz – Centre for European Economic Res.        
Michele Fratianni – University of Indiana        
Marcel Fratzscher – European Central Bank        
Michael Frenkel – WHU Business School, Germany        
Richard Friberg – Stockholm School of Economics        
Benjamin Friedman – Harvard University        
David D. Friedman – Santa Clara University, Sch. Of Law        
Kenneth Froot – Harvard Business School        
Renee Fry – Australian National University        
Eiji Fujii – University of Tsukuba, Japan        
Hiroshi Fujiki – Bank of Japan        
Shin-ichi Fukuda – University of Tokyo        
Hung-Gay Fung – University of Missouri-St. Louis, U.S.        
Katje Funke – WHU Business School, Germany        
Michael Funke – University of Hamburg        
Maria Dolores Gadea – University of Zaragoza        
Gregory Gagnon – Ryerson University        
Michael Gail – Universitaet Siegen        
Gabrielle Galati – Bank for International Settlements.        
James K. Galbraith – University of Texas        
John Kenneth Galbraith – Harvard (emeritus)        
Jordi Gali – Center of Int’l Economic Research, Barcelona        
Sebastian Galiani – Univ. de San Andres, Buenos Aires        
Arturo Galindo – Inter-American Development Bank        
Mauro Gallegati – Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Italy        
Christopher Gan – Lincoln University, New Zealand 5 4 9 22 September 2004 email. "I have a strong interest in a ‘single currency’ unit."
Giancarlo Gandolfo – University of Rome        
Peter Garber – Deutsche Bank        
Emma Garcia – Foundation for Applied Economic Research        
Pablo Garcia – Central Bank of Chile        
Anthony Garratt – University of Leicester        
Harry Garretson – School Economics, Utrecht University        
Thomas Gehrig – Univ. of Freiburg        
Hans Genberg – Graduate Institute of International Studies Geneva        
George Georgopoulos – York University        
Dimitris Georgoutsos – Athens University of Econ & Business        
Peter Geraats – University of Cambridge, U.K.        
Bruno Gerard – Norwegian School of Management        
Stefan Gerlach – University of Basel & Hong Kong Mon.        
Mark Gertler – New York University        
Jean-Philippe Gervais – Laval University, Canada        
Edward Ghartey – University of West Indies, Jamaica        
Fabio Chironi – Boston College        
Atish Ghosh – International Monetary Fund        
Swati Ghosh – World Bank        
Animesh Ghoshal – Depaul University        
Curzio Giannini – Banca d’Italia        
Francesco Giavazzi – University Bocconi        
L.A. Gil-Alana – University of Navarra, Espana        
Christopher Gilbert – Queen Mary and Westfield College        
Simon Gilchrist – Boston University        
Claire Gilmore – Kings College, Pennsylvania, U.S.        
Martin Glaum – Justus-Liebig Universitat Giessen        
Reuven Glick – Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco        
Ernest Gnan – Osterreichische National Bank, Vienna        
Niko Gobbi – Ghent University        
Wayne Godley – Cambridge Endowment for Research Finance        
Linda Goldberg – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Ilan Goldfajn – Pontifical Univ. Catolica do Rio Di Janeiro        
Itay Goldstein – Duke University        
Morris Goldstein – Institute for International Economics        
Stephen Golub – Swarthmore College        
Jorge Gonzalez – Trinity University, Texas        
Charles Goodhart – London School of Economics 1 0 1 "I cannot join you at your conference [due to personal commitment] "email 3/29/04
Gautam Goswami – Fordham University        
Gour Gobinda Goswami – University of Wisconsin        
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas – Princeton University        
Matteo Governatori – Tilburg University, The Netherlands        
Luke Gower – Reserve Bank of Australia        
Toni Gravelle- Bank of Canada        
Philip Gray – World Bank        
David Green – Asian Development Bank        
Jerry Green – Harvard University       14 Oct 2003 email.  "I believe it is ill advised  and do not want to be included on any list of people who are interested in it in any way."
David Greenaway – Nottingham University        
Alan Greenspan – Federal Reserve Board        
Thomas Grennes – North Carolina State University        
Mark Griffiths – Thunderbird Graduate School of International Management        
Marianna Grimaldi – Catholic University of Leuven        
Arthur Grimes – Motu Economic & Public Policy Research Trust, and University of Waikato, New Zealand 5 4 9 27 Feb 2005 email. "I have long been favourably disposed towards the concept.  I have written one paper discussing a world curency, aimed at a general audience but using economic arguments." [See "SGC Links"]
Mark Grinblatt – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Daniel Gros, Dir., Centre for European Policy Studies        
Herbert Grubel – Simon Fraser University (emeritus)      

20 July 2003 "A world currency represents a distant dream for humanity."

6 Oct 2003 " I advocate the creation of a set of regional currency blocks, which may or may not eventually lead to a global currency."

Mar Gudmundsson – Bank of Iceland        
Alexander Guembel – University of Oxford, Said Bus Sch        
Luca Guerrieri- Federal Reserve Board, Washington D.C.        
Klaus Gugler – University of Vienna        
Massimo Guiliodori – University of Amsterdam        
Christopher Gust – Trade & Quantitative Studies, FRB        
Robert Guttmann – Hofstra University, New York. 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Thomas Haefliger – Pictet Strategic Advisory Group        
Jean-Olivier Hairault – University of Paris        
Dalia Hakura – International Monetary Fund        
Galina Hale – Yale University        
George Hall – Yale University        
Patricia Hall – Central Connecticut State University.        
Stephen Hall – Imperial College, London        
Viv P. Hall – Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand        
Andrew Hughes Hallett – Vanderbilt University, U.S.        
Koichi Hamada – Yale University        
A. Javier Hamann – International Monetary Fund        
Peter Hammond – Stanford University        
Bing Han – University of Calgary, Haskayne School of Business        
Young-Wook Han – University of Hong Kong        
Steven Hanke – Cato Institute, Washington        
Greg Hannsgen – Levy Econmics Institute        
Jesper Hansson – Konjunkturinstitutet, Stockholm        
Richard Harris – Simon Fraser University        
Philipp Hartmann – European Central Bank        
Campbell R. Harvey – Duke University, U.S.        
Charles Harvie – University of Wollongong        
Iftekhar Hasan – Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute        
Yuko Hashimoto – Keio University, Japan        
Harald Hau – INSEAD        
Alfred Haug – York University, Canada        
Shmuel Hauser – Ben-Gurion University of the Negev        
Ricardo Hausmann – Kennedy School, Harvard University        
Pierre-Cyrille Hautcoeur – University of Paris        
Marc Hayford – Loyola University, Grad. School of Bus.        
Bernd Hayo – Essen University       30 Oct 03 email – "It is neither desirable nor possible to introduce the global currency now.  The usefulness clearly depends on the structure of the particular economies that make up the international economy.  I would be much more in favor of gradually expanding the group of countries that make up the currency union than to include all countries from one particular day onwards."
Richard Heaney – Australian National University        
Jonathan Heathcote – Georgetown University        
Walter Hecox – Colorado College        
Carsten Hefeker – HWWA,Institute for Int’l Economics        
Eckhard Hein – WSI        
Frank Heinemann – Ludwig-Maximilians University, Mun.        
Eric Helleiner – York University, Ontario        
John Helliwell – University of British Columbia        
Christian Hellwig – University of California at Los Angeles        
Elhanan Helpman – Harvard University        
C. Randall Henning -Institute for International Economics        
Marketta Henriksson – Econ. Dept., Fin. Ministry, Finland        
Jerome Henry – European Central Bank        
Olan Henry – University of Melbourne        
Francois Hermet – CERESUR, University of LaReunion        
Leonardo Hernandez – Central Bank of Chile        
Remy Herrera – University of Paris        
Heinz Herrmann – Bundesbank        
Bernhard Herz- Univesity of Bayreuth        
David Heuther – National Assn. of Manufacturers, U.S.        
Piere Hillion – INSEAD and CEPR        
Holger Himmell – University of Giessen, Germany        
Michael Hiscox – Harvard University        
W. M. Wai-Ming Ho – York University, Toronto        
Eduard Hochreiter – Vienna University        
Robert Hodrick – Columbia Business School        
Marco Hoeberichts – De Nederlandsche Bank, Amsterdam        
Peter Hoeller – Org. for Economic Cooperation and Development        
Mathias Hoffmann – University of Dortmund, Germany        
Boris Hofmann – Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt am Main        
Warren P. Hogan – University of Technology, Sydney        
Mark Holmes – Loughborough University, UK        
Tomas Holub – Czech National Bank        
Ulrich Hommel – European Business School, Germany        
Kiseok Hong – Ewha University, Korea        
Patrick Honohan – Trinity College, Dublin; CERF, World Bank        
Adam Honig – Columbia University        
Vince Hooper – University of New South Wales, Australia        
Doug Hostland – Bank of Canada        
Romain Houssa – CES, Belgium        
Jonathan T.B. Howe – Merrill Lynch Capital Management        
Haizou Huang – International Monetary Fund        
Roger Huang – University of Notre Dame, Indiana        
Stefan Hubrich – University of Maryland        
Felix Huefner, Centre for European Economic Research        
Gary Hufbauer – Institute for International Economics        
Stephen Huffman – University of Wisconsin        
Andrew Hughes Hallett, University of Strathclyde, U.K.        
Delroy Hunter – University of South Florida        
Jonathan Huntley – Independent        
Aasim Husain – International Monetary Fund        
Michael Hutchison – Univ. of California, Santa Cruz        
Kim Huynh – Queen’s University, Ontario        
Namwon Hyung – University of California, San Diego        
Ahmet Can Inci – Florida State University        
Takatoshi Ito – Hitotsubashi University, Gov’t of Japan        
Alex Izurieta – Levy Institute      

26 July 2003 email.  Questioned feasibility without stronger common / federal government structure. 

Henk Jager – University of Amsterdam -2 0 -2 17 August 2003 email.
Harold James – Princeton University        
Hoyoon Jang – Hansung University, Korea        
Bostjan Jazbec – University of Ljubljana, Slovenia        
David-Jan Jansen – Bank of The Netherlands        
Marketta Jarvinen – Helsinki School Of Econ & Bus Admin.        
Olivier Jeanne – Ecole Nat’le des Ponts et Chaussees        
Michael Jenkins – St. Lawrence University        
Henrik Jensen – Kobenhavns Universitet        
Svend Jensen – Centre Economic & Business Res., Denmark        
Bang Nam Jeon – Drexel University, Philadephia        
Juan Francisco Jimeno-Serrano – Foundation Applied Economics        
Ngiam Kee Jin – Institute of Southeast Asian Studies        
Asa Johansson – National Inst. Econ. Research, Sweden        
Andrew John – INSEAD        
Robert Johnson – University of San Diego, U.S.        
Louis Johnston – Saint John’s University, Minnesota        
Charles Jones – University of California, Berkeley        
Brad Jones – Macquarie University        
Ronald Jones – University of Rochester        
Kristian Jonsson – Lund University        
Oscar Jorda – University of California, Davis        
Vijay Joshi – Oxford University        
Edgardo Jovero – Universidad Complutense de Madrid        
Amrit Judge – Middlesex University, U.K.        
Gregory Jump – University of Toronto        
Christian Just – Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Vienna        
Fadhel Kaboub – Center, Full Employment & Price Stability -5 0 -5 per 24 July 2003 email from Stephanie Bell, above.
Padma Kadiyala – Farleigh Dickinson University        
Miles Kahler – University of California, San Diego        
Charles Kahn – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champ.        
Jarl Kallberg – New York University        
Eric Kam – Ryerson University, Ontario        
Steven Kamin – Federal Reserve Bank, U.S.        
Graciela Kaminsky – George Washington University        
Angelos Kanas – University of Crete        
Madga Kandil – University of Wisconsin        
George Kapetanios – University of London        
Ozer Karaedikli – Reserve Bank of New Zealand        
Stanley Kardasz – University of Waterloo        
Barhoumi Karim  – GREQAM, Marseilles        
G. Andrew Karolyi – Fisher College of Business, Ohio St.        
Georgios Karras – University of Illinois at Chicago        
Anil Kashyap – University of Chicago        
Julian Kassum – International Chamber of Comerce       23 October 2003 email.  "Although we find this issue interesting and thought-provoking, we are not able to take a position on the single global currency at this time. Many thanks for your consideration and best wishes for your movement.
Aditya Kaul – University of Alberta        
Masahiro Kawai – University of Tokyo        
Martin Kazaks – University of London        
Adrienne Kearney – University of Maine        
Colm Kearney – Trinity College, Dublin        
Jonathan Kearns – Reserve Bank of Australia        
Patrick Kehoe – University of Minnesota & FRB, Minneapolis        
Timothy Kehoe – University of Minnesota        
Hubert Kempf – University of Paris        
Bernd Kempa – University of Essen        
Peter Kenen – Princeton University        
Mike Kennedy – Org. for Economic Cooperation and Development        
Katri Kerem – Tallinn Technical University, Estonia        
Ahmed Khalid – Bond University, Australia        
Yohane Khamfula – University of the Witwatersrand        
Aykut Kibritcioglu – Ankara University        
Bengi Kibritcioglu – Undersecretariat of the Treasury, Turkey        
Tomoo Kikuchi – University of Bielefeld, Deutschland        
Lutz Kilian – University of Michigan, European Central Bk        
William Killeen – Setanta Asset Management        
Jae H. Kim – Monash University, Australia        
Minho Kim – Chonbuk National University Korea        
Soyoung Kim – University of Illinois, Urbana and Korea University.        
Suk-Joong Kim – University of New South Wales        
Sunghyun Kim – Tufts University, U.S.        
Tae-Joon Kim – Dongkuk Women’s University, Korea        
Yoonbai Kim – National University of Singapore        
Alena Kimakova – York University        
Michael King – Bank of Canada        
Mervyn King – Bank of England        
Geoffrey Kingston – University of New South Wales, Australia        
Tatiana Kirsanova – University of Exeter, UK        
Jonathan Kirshner – Cornell University        
Yukinobu Kitamura – Hitotsubashi University, Japan        
Kozo Kiyota – Yokohama National University        
Franc Klaasen – Universiteit van Amsterdam        
Stefanie Kleimeier – University of Maastricht        
Lawrence Klein – University of Pennsylvania        
Michael Klein – Fletcher School, Tufts University        
Kenneth Kletzer – University of California, Berkeley        
Marcus Knell – Oesterreichische Nationalbank        
Johan Knif – Swedish School of Economics and Bus Ad.        
Teruyoshi Kobayashi – Nagoya University, Japan        
Laure Ellen Kodres – International Monetary Fund        
Kees Koedijk – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Akira Kohsaka – Osaka University, Japan        
James Kollari – Texas A&M University       "Perhaps a cooperative relationship between central banks as in the Basel Agreement dealing with capital requirements is possible for a common currency." 24 March 2004 email.
Robert Kollmann – University of Bonn        
Lubos Komarek – University of Economics, Prague        
John Komlos – University of Munich and CESifo        
Alexander Kondonassis – Oklahoma University        
Zenon Kontolemis – International Monetary Fund        
Clemens Kool – LIFE, Maastricht University        
Likka Korhonen – Bank of Finland        
Ayhan Kose – International Monetary Fund        
Yrjo Koskinen – Stockholm School of Economics        
Georgios Kouretas – University of Crete        
Gregory Koutmos – Dolan Business School, Fairfield U.        
Alan Krause – Reserve Bank of Australia        
Lawrence Krause – University of California, San Diego        
Stefan Krause – Emory University, Atlanta 5 5 10 Board of Directors, Single Global Currency Assn.  Feb 2005. 
Jan Kregel – United Nations Conf on Trade & Development        
Arvind Krishnamurthy – Northwestern University        
Paul Krugman – New York Times        
Yutaka Kurihara – Aichi University, Japan        
Ali Kutan – Southern Illiniois University, U.S.        
Kenneth Kuttner – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Robert Kuttner – The American Prospect        
Sung Yeung Kwack – Howard University        
Nyo Nyo A. Kyaw – Kent State University, Ohio        
Robert LaFrance – Bank of Canada        
Amina Lahreche-Revil – CEPII, France        
Kon Lai – California State University, Los Angeles        
David Laidler – University of Western Ontario        
Deepak Lal – University of California at Los Angeles        
Luisa Lambertini – University of California, Los Angeles        
Philip Lane – Trinity College, Dublin        
Timothy Lane – International Monetary Fund        
Larry H.P. Lang – The Chinese University of Hong Kong        
Farrokh Langdana – Rutgers University        
Rolf Langhammer – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Nikiforos Laopodis – Fairfield University, Conn. U.S. 2 4 6 7 Nov 03 email – "Although I would support such a move, I am not sure as to the timing of it at this point….. It will take a lot of time and persuasion, but it can be done."
Nicholas Lardy – Institute for International Economics        
Felipe Larrain – Pontifica Universidad Catolica de Chile        
Stephen Larson – Eastern Illinois University, U.S.        
Sebastian Laurent – University of Liege        
David LeBlang – University of Colorado, Boulder        
Christelle LeCourt – University of Lille        
Francisco Ledesma-Rodriguez – Univ. de La Laguna        
Jin Man Lee – University of Illinois at Chicago        
Jong-Wha Lee – Korea University        
Yeonho Lee – Chungbuk National University, Korea        
Florence Legros – CEPII and University of Paris        
Kai Leitemo – Norwegian School of Management        
Ugar Lel – Indiana University, Kelley School of Business        
Miguel Leon-Ledesma – Keynes College U.K.        
John Letiche – University of California, Berkeley        
Sandrine Levasseur – Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques        
David Levine – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Carlos Liard-Muriente – University of Massachusetts        
Bernard Lietaer – Center for Sustainable Resources, Univ. of California, Berkeley.        
Venus Khim-Sen Liew – Universiti Putra Malaysia        
G.C. Lim – University of Melbourne        
Guijun Lin – University of International Business and Economcs, Beijing        
Hong-Jen Lin – Nyack College, U.S.       14 Aug. 2003 email. "Sorry, to my best knowledge, I cannot support single currency movement.  It is ok for European countries to use one currency since they have similar backgrounds. It is impossible for the whole world to use one currency. Moreover, I do not think this is worth trying."
Winston Lin – State University of New York, School of Mgmt        
Jesper Linaa – University of Copenhagen        
Jesper Linde – Sveriges Riksbank        
Snorre Lindset – Norwegian University of Science and Technology        
Christopher Lingle – Universidad Francisco Marroquin, Guatemala       email 3 April 2005.  "I would favor a return to the gold standard and an end to fractional reserve banking along with the elimination of central banks´┐Ż."
Abraham Lioui – Bar-Ilan University, Israel        
John Lipsky – J.P. Morgan, New York        
Jane Little – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston        
Bernard Lietaer – Berkeley        
Jeroen Ligterink – University of Amsterdam        
Peter J. Lloyd – University of Melbourne        
Olivier Loisel – CNRS, Nat’l Center for Scientific Res. FR        
Giovanni Lombardo – Deutsche Bundesbank        
Kirsten Lommatzsch – DIW Berlin, German Inst Econ Rs        
Augusto Lopez-Claros – World Economic Forum        
Jesus Lopez – Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Espana        
Cornelis Los – Kent State University        
James Lothian – Fordham Business School, Fordham U        
Biao Lu – University of Michigan        
Ding Lu – National University of Singapore        
Thomas Lubik – Johns Hopkins University        
Alina Luca – Michigan State University        
Robert Lucas – University of Chicago        
Jinhui Luo – University of London        
Matthias Lutz – Universitaet St. Gallen, CH -2     8 Feb 2005 email. "I admire your enthusiasm toward the goal of a single global currency, but am not so convinced myself about its merits." 
Richard Lyons – University of California, Berkeley        
Marco Lyrio – Katholieke Universiteit de Leuven        
Yue Ma – Lingnan University, Hong Kong        
Zihui Ma – Hong Kong University        
Ronald MacDonald – University of Strathclyde, Glasgow        
George Macesich – Florida State University        
Bartosz Mackowiak – Princeton University        
Victor Macrae – Infrastructure Proj Finance Dept, ING Bk        
Gary Madden – Curtin University of Technology, Perth AU        
Ivo Maes – Katholieke Universiteit de Leuven        
Francisco Maeso-Fernandez        
Ronald Mahieu – Erasmus University        
Carole-Juliette Maignan – FEEM, Italy        
Basma Majerbi – McGill University        
Stephen Makar – University of Wisconsin        
Ali Khalil Malik – University of Manchester, U.K.        
A.G. (Tassos) Malliaris – Loyola University, Chicago        
Paolo Manasse – Universita di Bologna        
Catherine Mann – Institute for International Economics        
Teruhiko Mano – Seigakuin University        
Sebastiano Manzan – University of Amsterdam        
Massimiliano Marcellino – IGIER, Bocconi University        
Philip Marey – University of Maastricht        
Nelson Mark – University of Notre Dame        
Nancy Marion – Dartmouth College        
Carmen Marin – Universidad de Murcia, Espana        
Giancarlo Marini – Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Ve        
Reyes Maroto-Illera – Found. for Applied Economic Res        
Terry Marsh – University of California, Berkeley        
John Marthinsen – Babson College       Presenter at First Single Global Currency Conference at Bretton Woods. 2004
Anna Martin – Fairfield University, U.S.        
Antoine Martin – Federal Reserve Bank, Kansas City        
Juan Angel Martin – Universidad Complutense, Madrid        
Philippe Martin – University of Paris        
Vance Martin – University of Melbourne        
Manuel Martins – Universidade do Porto, Portugal        
Joseph Massey – Center for Int’l Business, Tuck School, Dartmouth        
Paul Masson – Brookings Institution       22 July 2003 email.  "…I have not been  supporter of a single global currency…. if governments continue to put other goals before exchange rate stability — as I think they will — then there is no point in dreaming about utopia."
Giovanni Mastrobuoni – Princeton University        
Thomas Matha – Banque Centrale du Luxembourg        
Yoichi Matsubayashi – Kobe University, Japan        
Aki Matsui – University of Tokyo        
Katsumi Matsuura – Yokohama City University        
Kiminori Matsuyama – Northwestern University        
Laszlo Matyas – Central European University, Budapest        
Laurence Mauer – St. Johns University, New York        
Thomas Mayer – University of California at Davis        
David Mayes – Bank of Finland       15 march 2005 email – "As our research sugests, there are clear advantages to single currencies.  However, having a single currency does not remove problems of structural adjustment, nor does it remove structural differences….. I wish you a good discussion at Bretton Woods in the summer."
Bennett McCallum – Carnegie-Mellon        
Cornelia McCarthy – Fordham University        
Robert McCauley – Bank for International Settlements        
Frank McCormick – University of California, Davis        
Paul McCulley – Pacific Investment Management Co.        
Warwick McKibbin – Australian National University       4 Aug. 2003 email.  "…I believe there is also a substantial amount of evidence against the idea of a single currency…."
Ronald McKinnon – Stanford        
Paul McNelis – Georgetown University, U.S.        
Michael Meeropol – Western New England College, U.S.        
Christopher Meissner – University of British Columbia        
Martin Melecky – University of New South Wales, Australia        
Jacques Melitz – University of Strathclyde, Glasgow        
Marc Melitz – Harvard        
Pierre Mella-Barral – London Business School        
Allan Meltzer – Grad School of Ind. Admin, Carnegie-Mellon        
Michael Melvin – Arizona State University        
Fabio Mendez – University of Arkansas       29 Jan 2005 email.  "I admire your efforts and, like you, I believe thee are numerous potential advantages to having a single currency."
Ronald Mendoza _ United Nations Development Programme        
Lukas Menkhoff – University of Hannover        
Pierre-Guillaume Meon – Universite Robert Schuman        
Guy Meredith – International Monetary Fund        
Ricardo Mestre – European Central Bank        
Christina Metz – University of Frankfurt        
Laurence Meyer – Macroeconomic Advisers        
Thomas O. Meyer, Southeastern Louisiana Univ. U.S.        
Alejandro Micco – Inter-American Development Bank        
Jochen Michaelis – University of Kassel, Germany        
Tomasz Michalak – University of Antwerp        
Valerie Mignon – THEMA, Nanterre, France        
Ilian Mihov – INSEAD        
Ibolya Mile – University of Duisburg, Germany        
David Miles – Morgan Stanley & Co.        
Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti – Innernational Monetary Fund        
Marcus Miller – University of Warwick        
Stephen Miller – University of Nevada        
Victoria Miller – Universite du Qubec a Montreal        
Alexandre Minda – Universite de Toulouse        
Ida Mirzaie – John Carroll University, U.S.        
Frederic Mishkin – Columbia        
Alesandro Missale – University of Florence        
Srobona Mitra – International Monetary Fund        
Beatrice Kalinda Mkenda – Econ. & Soc.Res. Found, Tanz.        
Ashoka Mody – International Monetary Fund        
Mohammed Mohsin – University of Tennessee        
Andre Mollick – ITESM-Campus Monterrey, Mexico        
Javier Monfort – Universitat Jaume I, Espana        
Francesco Mongelli – European Central Bank        
Paula Monperrus-Veroni – Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques        
Antonio Montanes – University of Zaragoza        
Peter Montiel – Williams College        
Michael Moore – Queens University, Belfast        
Eduardo Moron – Universidad del Pacifico, Peru        
Fairborz Moshirian – Univ. of New South Wales 5 5 10 Presented paper at First Single Global Currency Conference, July, 2004
Sima Motamen-Samadian – University of Westminster        
Guilherme Moura – Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil        
Cal Muckley – Trinity College, Dublin        
Gabriela Mundaca –  University of Oslo        
Robert Mundell – Columbia University 5 5 10 22 October 2003 email. "I applaud all efforts to get support for a global currency. Good luck!"
Gulnur Muradoglu – Cass Business School, London        
John Murray – Bank of Canada        
V. Anton Muscatelli – University of Glasgow        
Michael Mussa – Institute for International Economics        
Anwar Nasution – University of Indonesia, and Bank of Indonesia        
Piergiovanna Natale – Universita Statale di Milano-Bicocca        
Manuel Navarro-Ibanez – University of La Laguna        
C.J. Neely – Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis        
Nikolay Nenovsky – Bulgarian National Bank        
Manfred J.M. Neumann – University of Bonn        
Pablo Andres Neumeyer – University Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires        
Melinda Newman – University of Akron        
Serena Ng – University of Michigan, Ann Argor        
Mattias Nilsson – Stockholm Institute for Financial Research        
Peter Nunnenkamp – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
D. Mario Nuti – University of London       29 Jan. 2004 email. "I am sympathetic to the economic project in general but very sceptical about its politics."
Maurice Obstfeld – Berkeley       16 August 2004 email. "My view is that considerable sacrifice of national political sovereignty would have to precede currency unification."
Stephen O’Connell – Swarthmore College        
Eli Ofek – Stern School of Business, New York University        
Eiji Ogawa – Hitotsubashi University        
John Okunev – Principal Global Investors, New York        
Nilss Olekalns – University of Melbourne        
John P. Olienyk – Colorado State University, U.S.        
Karin Olofsdotter – Lund University, Sweden        
Dennis Olson – American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates        
Walid Ben Omrane – Catholic University of Louvain        
Olugbenga Onafowora – Susquehanna Univ. U.S.        
Li Lian Ong – University of Western Australia        
Gabor Orban – Central Bank of Hungary        
Guillermo Ordonez – Univ. of California at Los Angeles        
Lucjan Orlowski – Sacred Heart University, Connecticut, U.S.        
Patrick Osakwe – UN Commission for Africa        
Chiara Osbat – Institut Universitaire European, Italy        
Carol Osler – Brandeis University, U.S.        
Arav Ouandlous – Savannah State University, U.S.        
Lars Oxelheim – Lund University        
Metin Ozdemir – Uludag University, Turkey        
F. Gulcin Ozkan – University of York        
Pier Carlo Padoan – University of Rome        
Juan Paez-Farrell – University of Hull, U.K.        
Giovanna Paladino – Sao Paolo IMI        
Zuohong Pan – Western Connecticut State University, U.S.        
Ugo Panizza – Inter-American Development Bank        
Christos Pantzalis – University of South Florida, Coll Bus.        
Lucas Papademos – European Central Bank        
Athanasios Papadopoulos – University of Crete        
Evi Pappa – London School of Economics        
Christos C. Paraskevopoulos – York University        
Yung Chul Park – Korea University        
David Parsley – Owen Management School, Vanderbilt        
Antonio Garcia Pascual – IMF        
David Pasquariello – New York University, Stern Bus. Sch        
Ivan Pastine – Bilkent University, Ankara        
Catherine Pattillo – International Monetary Fund        
Andrew Patton – University of London        
Louis Pauly – University of Toronto        
Ady Pauzner – Tel Aviv University        
Anna Pavlova – Sloan School of Management, MIT        
Richard Payne – University of London        
D.A. Peel – Cardiff University, UK        
Gert Peersman – Ghent University, Belgium        
Loriana Pelizzon – University of Padua        
Eric Pentecost – Loughborough University        
Francisco Perez-Bermejo – Found. For Applied Econ R.        
Maria Soledad Martinez Peria – World Bank        
Roberto Perotti – IGIER- Universita Bocconi        
Fabrizio Perri – Stern School of Business, New York Univ.        
Torsten Persson – Institute for International Economic Studies        
Elena Pesavento – Emory Univesity        
Paolo Pesenti – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Peter Petri – Brandeis        
Iva Petrova – Michigan State University        
Michael Pfaffermayr – University of Innsbruck        
Chanwit Phengpis – California State University        
Kate Phylaktis – City University Business School, London        
Christian Pierdzioch – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Giovanni Piersanti – Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor V        
Xie Ping – The Peoples Bank of China        
Brian Pinto – World Bank        
Laura Piscitelli – University of Strathclyde, U.K.        
Joseph Plasmans – Universiteit Antwerpen        
John Pointon – University of Plymouth, U.K.        
Helene Poirson – International Monetary Fund        
Patricia Pollard – Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis        
William Polley – Bradley University, Illinois        
Richard Pomfret – University of Adelaide, Australia        
Patrice Poncet – University of Paris – Sorbonne        
Helen Popper – Santa Clara University, California        
Richard Portes – London School of Economics        
Adam Posen – Institute for International Economics, U.S.        
Erik Post – Uppsala University, Sweden        
Andrew Powell – Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires        
James Powell – Bank of Canada        
Bengt Pramborg – Stockholm University School of Bus.        
Eswar Prasad – International Monetary Fund        
Henriette Prast – De Nederlandsche Bank, Amsterdam        
Sangeeta Pratap – Central de Investigacion Eco, Mexico        
Alessandro Prati – International Monetary Fund        
Marcel Pratzscher – European Central Bank        
Gamini Premaratne – National University of Singapore        
Richard Priestley – Norwegian School of Management        
Mahesh Pritamani – Frank Russell Company, U.S.        
Zacharias Psaradakis – Birbeck College, Univ. of London        
Tribhuvan N. Puri – University of Massachusetts        
Min Qi – Kent State University        
Duo Qin – University of London        
Vincenzo Quadrini – Stern School of Business, NYU        
Katharina Raabe – Maastricht University        
Jorg Rahn – University of Hamburg        
Raghuram Rajan – University of Chicago        
Ramkishen Rajan – University of Adelaide        
M. Ramachandran – Madras School of Economics, India        
Jasper Rangvid – Copenhagen Business School        
David Rapach – Saint Louis University, U.S.        
Bo Rasmussen – University of Aarhus, Denmark        
Christophe Rault – University of Evry Val d’Essonne        
Ronald Ratti – University of Missouri, U.S.        
Assaf Razin – Tel Aviv University        
Arslan Razmi – Univ. of Massachusetts, U.S.        
Weshah Razzak – Department of Labour, New Zealand        
Sergio Rebelo – Kellogg School of Mgmnt, Northwestern        
Alessandro Rebucci – International Monetary Fund        
Angela Redish – University of British Columbia        
Alan Reichert – College of Business, Cleveland State University, Ohio        
Hans-Eggert Reimers – Hochschule Wismar, Germany        
Carmen Reinhart – University of Maryland        
Liliya Repa – World Bank        
Beate Reszat – Hamburg Institute of Int’l Economics        
Luis Reverter – The Citibank Private Bank        
Helene Rey – Princeton University        
Yeongseop Rhee – Chungbuk National University, Korea        
Luca Ricci – International Monetary Fund        
Joseph Ricciardi – Babson College        
Christian Richter – University of Loughborough, UK        
Roberto Rigobon – Mass. Institute of Technology (MIT)        
Dagfinn Rime – Stockholm Institute for Financial Res.        
Felix Rioja – Georgia State University        


Ritzberger-Grunwald, Oesterreichische National Bank

Maurice Roche – National University of Ireland        
Hugo Rodriquez-Mendizabal – Universitat de Barcelona        
Dani Rodrik – Kennedy School, Harvard        
Carol Ann Rogers – Georgetown University        
Jeff Rogers – KPMG, Canada        
John Rogers – Federal Reserve Board        
Kenneth Rogoff – Harvard, International Monetary Fund       He wrote article, "On Why Not a Global Currency" and concluded, "I have argued here that, into the foreseeable future, it would not be desirable to aim for a single world currency…" Nonetheless, he graciously responded in a 28 July 2003 email,  "Congratulations on your ambitious enterprise."
Liliana Rojas-Suarez – Center for Global Development        
Christina Romer – University of California, Berkeley        
David Romer – University of California, Berkeley        
Arjen Ronner – Free University of Amsterdam        
Andrew Rose – University of California, Berkeley       26 March 2004, and 15 August 2004 emails. "I’m afraid I’m not in favor of a single global currency and hence/therefore won’t be participating [in conference] Apologies!"
Kevin Ross – International Monetary Fund        
Barbara Rossi – Duke University        
Jacek Rostowski – Central European University        
Nouriel Roubini – New York University        
J.C. Robin Rowley- McGill University, Montreal        
Hugo Narrillos Roux – Universidad Complutense, Madrid 5 4 9 "Here are my ratings."  6 July 2004 email. 
Yona Rubinstein – Tel Aviv Univesity        
Rasmus Rueffer – European Central Bank        
Witold Rutkowski – Higher School Economics, Warsaw        
Jai-Won Ryou – Kongkuk Univesity, Korea        
Bronka Rzepkowski – CEPII, Paris        
Filipa Sa – Massachusetts Institute of Technology        
Marcela Sabate – University of Zaragoza        
Sanjiv Sabherwal – University of Rhode Island, US        
Jeffrey Sachs – Earth Institute, Columbia University        
Ratna Sahay – International Monetary Fund        
Ayako Saiki – Brandeis University, Int’l Business School        
Torbjorn Sallstrom – Stockholm School of Economics        
Stanley Salvary – Canisus College, U.S.       8 Feb. 2005 "…I do appreciate the objective of a single currency.  However…I do believe that instituting a single currency with a single central bank will create greater problems than what we are experiencing now."
Dominick Salvatore – Fordham University, New York        
Shawna Samuel – Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton        
Harald Sander – University of Applied Sciences, Cologne        
Pedro Santa-Clara – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Roberto Santillan – EGADE-ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico        
Stephen Sapp – University of Western Ontario        
Francsco Saraceno – Observatoire Francais de Conjonctures Economiques       9 Feb 2005 email.  ", I dont think a Stability and Growth Pact is necessary in a currency union."
Lucio Sarno – University of Warwick        
Mathan Satchi – University of Oxford        
Yasuyuki Sawada – University of Tokyo        
Malcolm Sawyer – University of Leeds and Levy Institute       21 July 2003 email.  "I cannot support the notion of a single global currency….requires level of [world] government."
Sweta Saxena – University of Pittsburgh        
Ernesto Schargrodsky – Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires        
Fabio Schiantarelli – Boston College        
John Schindler – Federal Reserve Board of Governors        
Katerina Schmidkova – Czech National Bank        
Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, Banco Central de Chile        
Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe – Rutgers University, New Jersey        
Sergio Schmukler – World Bank        
Gunther Schnabel – University of Tubingen        
Bernd Schnatz – Deutsche Bundesbank        
Barry Scholnick – University of Alberta        
Frank Schorfheide – University of Pennsylvania        
Peter Schotman -Maastricht University        
Ronald Schramm – Columbia University, New York        
Juergen Schroeder – University of Mannheim, Germany        
Michael Schroeder – Center for European Econ Res (ZEW)        
Mechthild Schrooten – DIW, Berlin        
Kurt Schuler – Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress        
Donald Schunk – Uinversity of South Carolina        
Robert Schwartz – Economists Allied for Arms Reduction 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Robert Schwebach – Colorado State University, U.S.        
Ranier Schweikert – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Robert Scott – Economic Policy Institute, Washington        
Dean Scrimgeour – University of California, Berkeley        
Paul Seabright – Universite des Sciences Sociales de Toulouse        
Sofiane Hicham Sekioua – University of Warwick        
Ozge Senay – Middle East Technical University, Turkey        
Marc-Alexandre Senegas – Universite Montesquieu        
Piet Sercu – Katholieke Universiteit Leuven        
Apostolos Serletis – University of Calgary        
Jose Maria Serrrano – University of Zaragoza        
Luis Serven – World Bank        
Brad Setser – Oxford University        
Jerome Sgard – CEPII, Paris        
Manuchehr Shahrokhi – California State University, Fresno and Global Finance Journal        
Rodney Shakespeare – Capital Ownership Group        
Jay Shambaugh – Dartmouth College        
William Shambora – Ohio University        
Abul Shamsuddin – The University of Newcastle, Australia        
Rashmi Shankar – University of California, Santa Cruz, and Brandeis University        
Jeffrey Sheen – Univ. of New South Wales        
Judy Shelton – DUXX, Mexico        
Hyun Song Shin – London School of Economics        
Kwanho Shin – Korea University        
Motosugu Shintani – Vanderbilt University        
Philip Shively – Lafayette College        
Dilip Shome – Virginia Polytechnic Institute        
Milind Shrikhande – Georgia State University        
Tsang Shu-ki – Hong Kong Baptist University        
Yih-Wen Shyu – Chang Gung Univ. Taoyuan        
Anne Sibert – University of London        
Horst Siebert – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Arjen Siegman – De Nederlandsche Bank, Amsterdam        
Pierre Siklos – Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario        
Nicholas Sim – National University of Singapore        
Betty Simkins – Oklahoma State University        
Vijay Singal – Virginia Polytechnic Institute        
Kavaljit Singh – Public Interest Research Centre, New Delhi        
Satya Prakash Singh – Panjab University, India        
Bruno Sitzia – Universita Bocconi Milano        
Boo Sjoo – University of Gothenburg        
Robert Skidelsky – House of Lords, U.K.        
Jeremy Slater – Brussels Institute 5 5 10 Scheduled presenter at First Annual Single Global Currency Conference, Bretton Woods, July 2004, but was not able to attend.
Slavi Slavov – Pomona College, California        
Frank Smets – European Central Bank        
Katerina Smidkova – Czech Nztional Bank        
Roy Smith – Stern School of Business, New York        
Vanessa Smith – University of Cambridge        
Sean Snaith – Univ. of North Dakota       7 October 2003 – "… it is an interesting concept. Best wishes in your endeavors."
Jacky Y.C. So – Southern Illinois University        
Ulf Soderstrom – Universita Bocconi and IGIER, Italy        
Luc Soenen – California Polytechnic University        
Martin Sola – Universidad Torcuato Di Tella        
Haakon Solheim – Norwegian School of Management        
Bruno Solnik – HEC School of Management, France        
Jens Sondergaard – Georgetown University, U.S.        
Vedran Sosic at Croatian National Bank        
Simon Sosvilla-Rivero – Found. Applied Econ Research        
Claudio Soto – Chile Central Bank        
Natalia Sourbeck – Center, Full Employmnt & Price Stability -5 0 -5 per 24 July 2003 email from Stephanie Bell, above.
Pedro Sousa – Universidade Portucalense        
Mark Spiegel – Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco        
Yossi Spiegel – Tel-Aviv University        
Georg Stadtmann – WHU Business School, Germany        
Karsten Staehr – University of Tartu, Estonia        
Pierre St.-Amant – Bank of Canada        
Jerome Stein – Brown University        
Ernesto Stein – Inter-American Development Bank        
Jon Steinsson – Harvard University        
Irwin Stelzer – Hudson Institute        
Michael Stierle – International Network for Economic Research        
Joseph Stiglitz – Columbia University        
Helmut Stix – Oesterreichische Nationalbank        
Alan Stockman – University of Rochester        
James Stodder – Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), New York        
Ken Stollery – University of Waterloo        
Houston Stokes – University of Illinois at Chicago        
Jon Strand – University of Oslo        
Frank Strobel – University of Birmingham, U.K.        
Hans Stoll – Vanderbilt University, Tennessee        
Jorge Miguel Streb – Universidad del CEMA, Buenos Aires        
Rene Stulz – Fisher College of Business        
Federico Sturzenegger – Universidad Torcuato Di Tella        
Donggyu Sul – University of Auckland        
Wonsik Sul – Cheong University, Korea        
Anne Sulling – Universite Paris IX Dauphine        
Lawrence Summers – Harvard University        
Peter Summers – University of Melbourne        
Oren Sussman – University of Oxford, Said Bus. School        
Alan Sutherland – University of St. Andrews, Scotland        
Lars E.O. Svensson – Princeton University        
Peggy Swanson – University of Texas at Arlington        
Richard Sweeney – Georgetown Univ., Mcdonough Bus.        
John Swieringa – Australian National University        
Robyn Swift – Griffith University, Australia        
Alexander Swoboda – International Monetary Fund        
James Swofford – University of South Alabama        

Amadou N.R. Sy – International Monetary Fund

Gyorgy Szapary – National Bank of Hungary        
Adam Szeidl – Harvard University        
Chu-Sheng Tai – Texas A & M University,College Of Bus.        
Shinji Takagi – IMF        
Tuomas Takalo – Bank of Finland        
Fumiko Takeda – Yokohama City University        
Ernesto Talvi – Centro de Estudios de la Realidad Economica y Social, Uruguay        
Cecilio Tamarit – Universitat de Valencia, Espana        
Vito Tanzi – Carnegie Endowment for Peace, Econ Ref.        
Fatma Taskin – Bilkent University, Ankara        
Jose Tavares – Universidad Nova de Lisboa        
George Tavlas – Bank of Greece        
Alan Taylor – University of California at Davis        
Bryan Taylor – Global Financial Data 5 4 9 28 July 2004.  Email.  "As in the case of the Euro, there has to be a political push to get a common currency to occur, and I think that Europe and the US (and probably Japan) would have to jointly form a single currency, which would then lead to a global currency.  Unfortunately, that looks unlikely in the near future.  I would say it is possible by 2044, so I would give it a 4."
Mark Taylor – University of Warwick        
Stephen Taylor – Lancaster University, The Mgmnt Sch.        
Vladimir Teles – University of Brasilia        
Silvana Tenreyro – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston        
Alun Thomas – International Monetary Fund        
Henry Thompson – Auburn University        
Lester Thurow – Mass. Institute of Technology        
Cedric Tille – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Peter Tillmann – Institute for International Economics, Bonn        
Ben Tims – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Jean Tirole – University of Social Sciences, Toulouse        
Andrea Tokman – Central Bank of Chile        
Mariano Tommasi – Univ. de San Andres, Buenos Aires        
Alan Tonelson – U.S. Business & Industry Council       5 December 2003 "I have to be counted as one of those who would consider a global currency utopian at this time, and for the forseeable future."
Aaron Tornell – University of California, Los Angeles        
Dominique Torre – University of Nice        
Khairy Tourk – Illinois Institute of Technology        
Edward Tower – Duke University        
Hans-Michael Trautwein – Carl von Ossietzky Universitat Oldenburg, Germany        
Sirimon Treepongkaruna – Australian National University, Canberra        
Achim Truger – WSI        
Y.K. Tse – Singapore Management University        
Aleh Tsyvinski – Univesity of California at Los Angeles        
Merxe Tudela – Bank of England        
Chen-Yuan Tung – Institute of International Relations       email 9 Sept. 04 "I agree with your goal of a single global currency in the long term, which is subject to every country’s need of monetary autonomy in the short term."
Marian Tupy – Cato Institute        
Stephen Turnovsky – University of Washington, U.S.        
Harald Uhlig – Humbolt University, Berlin        
Raman Uppal – CEPR, and London Business School        
Shujiro Urata – Waseda University, Japan        
Martin Uribe – University of Pennsylvania        
Marc Uzan – Reinventing Bretton Woods Committee        
Giorgio Valente – University of Warwick        
Javier Valles – Banco de Espana, Madrid        
Bas Van Aarle – Katholieke Universiteit Leuven        
David van Der Linden – University of Southern Maine        
Mathijs van Dijk – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Irma van Leeuwen – Limberg Institute of Financial Economics        
Jacques Vanneste – University of Antwerp        
Caroline Van Rijckeghem – Sabanci University, Istanbul        
Tom van Veen – Maastricht University        
Eric van Wincoop – University of Virginia        
Hal Varian – University of California at Berkeley        
Giovanni Vecchi – Universita di Roma Tor Vergata        
Clara Vega – University of Rochester        
Carlos Vegh – University of California at Los Angeles        
Andres Velasco – Kennedy School, Harvard University        
Vello Vensel – Tallinn Technical University, Estonia        
Koen Vermeylen – Universiteit van Amsterdam        
Michael Veseth – University of Puget Sound        
Nicola Viegi – University of Strathclyde        
O. Miguel Villanueva – University of Wyoming        
Jouko Vilmunen – Bank of Finland        
David Vines – Oxford University        
Paolo Vitale – University of London        
Focco Vijselaar – European Central Bank        
Paul A. Volcker – former Chair, U.S. Federal Reserve Board       "A global economy requires a global currency."
George von Furstenberg – Indiana University        
Juergen von Hagen – University of Bonn        
Leopold von Thadden – Bundesbank        
Radu Vranceanu – ESSEC, France        
Robert Hunter Wade – London School of Economics        
Urs Waelchli – University of Bern, Switzerland        
Helmut Wagner – University of Hagen        
Niklas Wagner – Munich Institute of Technology        
Kim Walkowiak – University of Maastricht        
C.J. Christopher Waller – University of Notre Dame        
Ingo Walter – Stern Business School, NYU        
Changyun Wang – National University of Singapore        
Jiaxin Wang – University of New South Wales        
Kai Wang – Tunghai University, Taiwan        
Ming-Chieh Wang – National Chi Nan University, Taiwan        
Peijie Wang – Cass Business School, London 4 4 8 4 Oct 2003 email "A global currency will be a currency of people, for people and by people."
Changyun Wang – National University of Singapore        
Yunjong Wang – Korea Institute for Int’l Economic Policy        
Thierry Warin – Middelbury College, U.s.        
Matthew Watson – University of Birmingham, U.K.        
Shang-Jin Wei – Brookings Institution        
Jens Weidmann – University of Bonn        
Christian Weller, Economic Policy Institute, Wash, D.C.      

9 Sept 2003 email.  Not "a good idea since it imposes the same business cycle on all member countries."

Paul Weller – University of Iowa, Tippie Sch. Of Business        
Hans Werner-Sinn – University of Munich        
Kenneth West – University of Wisconsin        
Frank Westerhoff – University of Osnabrueck, Germany        
Frank Westermann – University of Munich and CESifo        
Diana Weymark – Vanderbilt University, U.S.        
Derek White – University of New South Wales        
L. Reichard White        
Hsin-hui I.H. Whited – Colorado State University        
Marina Whitman – University of Michigan        
Volker Wieland – University of Frankfurt       12 Feb 2005 email. "I read with great interest about the single global currency association and the conference at Bretton Woods in July…."
Fredrik Wilander – Stockholm School of Economics        
Thomas Willett – Claremont College, California        
Jeffrey Williamson – Harvard University        
John Williamson – Institute for International Economics       21 July 2003 email. "I am in favor of a world government, but to try and create a single global currency before that would be ridiculously premature."
Diego Winkelried – Banco Central De Rerva del Peru, Lima        
Tony Wirjanto – Univ. of Waterloo, Canada        
Mark Wohar – University of Nebraska, U.S.        
Hans-Werner Wohltmann – University of Kiel, Germany        
Holger Wolf – Georgetown University        
Martin Wolf – The Financial Times 5 3 8 3 August 2004 column in the Financial Times.  "….The simplest way to do so would be to add a global currency to a global economy."  7 August 2004 email.  "I would guess it can’t happen before 2050."
Christian C.P. Wolff – University of Maastricht        
Timo Wollmershaeuser – Institute for Econ. Research        
Kit Pong Wong – University of Hong Kong        
Delisle Worrell – IMF        
L. Randall Wray – Univ. of Missouri        
Simon Wren-Lewis – University of Exeter, U.K.        
Jyn-Lin Wu – National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan        
Liuren Wu – Fordham University, School of Business        
Xueping Wu – City University of Hong Kong        
Ying Wu – Perdue School of Business, Salisbury University, U.S.        
Daniel Wydler – Bank Von Graffenried AG        
Mark A. Wynne – Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas        
Charles Wyplosz -Graduate Institute Int’l Studies,Geneva       26 July 2003 email. "I think you are a few generations ahead of your time."
Xinzhong Xu – Beijing University        
Uzi Yaari – Rutgers University, School of Business       15 Aug. 2003 email  "I respectfully disagree with your initiative for a single world currency…. This may change in the next generation, but a single currency introduced prematurely is likely to lower economic efficiency by increasing conflict and uncertainty."
Tomoyoshi Yabu – Boston University        
Nobuyoshi Yamori – Nagoya University, Japan        
Shu Yan – University of Arizona        
Jiawen Yang – The George Washington University, U.S.        
Eduardo Yeyati – Escuela de Economia Empresarial        
Kamil Yilmaz – Koc University, Istanbul        
Paul Sau-leung Yip – Nanyang Technological University, Singapore        
Ayoub Yosefi – Univ. of Western Ontario        
Pan A. Yotopoulos – University of Florence, Italy        
Vivian Zhanwei Yue – University of Pennsylvania        
Hazel Yuen – National University of Singapore        
Paolo Zanghieri – CEPII, Paris        
Hernando Zapatero – University of Southern California        
Ernesto Zedillo – Yale Center for the Study of Globalization        
Jeronimo Zettlemeyer – International Monetary Fund        
Fan Zhang – Peking University, New York, U.S.        
Lei Zhang – University of Warwick, Glasgow        
Rui Zhong – Fordham University        
Su Zhou – University of Texas at San Antonio, U.s.        
Zizhong Zhou – University of Bonn        
Sijing Zong – Kent State University        
Amalia Morales Zumaquero – University of Malaga        
J. Kenton Zumwalt – Murdock University, Australia        
R. Zurbruegg – Adelaide University, Australia