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Would you strongly favor, somewhat favor, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose a single global currency, where all the people of the world would use the same money?

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Actual Economists’ Ratings

Below are listed economists and others who have written about international economics or exchange rates or other area of relevance to the single global currency.  Also included are people who work in this area and have offered their views.

Their views of the Single Global Currency are rated below according to the rating system on the previous page.  It is anticipated that the ratings of those listed will increase as more and more economists research and write about the Utility and Feasibility of the Single Global Currency.

We have asked these economists to rate their own views on the single global currency, and where the ratings are their own, it will be noted.   Otherwise, we have entered ratings on the basis of the published articles or their correspondence with us.   If we have misunderstood the views of any economist, please email us at [email protected] to enable us to make the correction.   Several economists stated that they did not believe that a single global currency would work without a sufficient "world government".    For them, it is assumed here that such a world government structure will be in place by the year 2075. 

Name (and org.) Util. Feas. Tot. Comments
Pierre-Richard Agenor – World Bank        
Philippe Aghion – University College, London        
Shaghil Ahmed – Int’l Development, Federal Reserve Bk        
Joshua Aizenman – University of California at Santa Cruz        
Ratnam Alagiah – Griffith Univ., Queensland, Australia 5 5 10 Established the Australian SGCA chapter.  Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Yunus Aksoy – University of Kent, UK        
Alberto Alesina – Harvard University        
Volbert Alexander – University of Giessen        
Robert Aliber – University of Chicago, Grad Sch of Bus.        
George Allayannis – Darden Business School, Univ Va.        
Jeffrey Amato – Bank for International Settlements        
Consuelo Gamez Amian – University of Malaga        
Bob Anderton, Nat’l Inst of Econ & Social Research, UK        
Julian Andrada-Felix, Univ. de Las Palmas de Gran Can.        
David Andrews – European University Institute & Scripps        
Barbara Annicchiarico -Univ degli Studi di Roma Tor Ver        
Philip Arestis – Levy Institute, Bard College        
Sven Arndt – Claremont McKenna College, Lowe Inst.        
Carlos Arteta, Federal Reserve Board of Governors        
Andrew Atkeson – University of California, Los Angeles        
Philippe Bacchetta – University of Lausanne        
Warren Bailey – Johnson School of Mgmnt, Cornell Univ        
Ercan Balaban – University of Edinburgh        
Ronald Balvers – West Virginia University        
Ravi Bansal – Duke University,Fuqua School of Business        
Dennis Bams – University of Maastricht        
Christopher Barrett – Cornell University        
Robert Barro – Harvard University        
Santonou Basu – South Bank University, London        
Christian Bauer – University of Bayreuth        
Christopher Baum – Boston College        
Luc Bauwens – Catholic University of Louvain        
Tamin Bayoumi – International Monetary Fund        
Roel Beetsma – Universiteit van Amsterdam        
David Begg – University of London        
Michel Beine – CEPII, France        
Stephanie Bell – Center for Full Employment & Price Stability -5 0 -5 24 July 2003 email. "Strongly oppose".
Agnes Benassy-Quere – CEPII, France        
Gianluca Benigno – Bank of England        
Pierpaolo Benigno – New York University        
Andrew Berg – International Monetary Fund        
Helge Berger – Center for Economic Studies, Munich        
Paul Bergin – University of California, Davis        
U.Michael Bergman – Lund University, Sweden        
William Bernhard – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign        
C. Fred Bergsten – Institute for International Economics        
Jeffrey Bergstrand – University of Notre Dame        
Anders Bergvall – Uppsala University        
Carol Bertaut – Federal Reserve Board of Governors        
Franco Bevilacqua – University of Maastricht        
Monica Billio – University Ca’ Foscari of Venice        
Josh Bivens – Economic Policy Institute, Washington        
Geir Bjonnes -Stockholm Institute for Financial Research        
Mark Blok – ABP Investments, Heerlen, Netherlands        
Hjalmar Boehm – Universitat Hamburg        
Volker Boehm – University of Bielefeld, Deutschland        
Peter Bofinger – University of Wuerzburg        
Michael Bordo – Rutgers University, New Jersey        
Eduardo Borensztein – International Monetary Fund        
Laura Bottazzi – University of Bocconi, Milan        
Chakriya Bowman – Australian National University        
Michael Brandt – Fuqua Business School, Duke Univ.        
Andrzej Bratkowski – Central European University        
Hugh Bredenkamp – International Monetary Fund        
Janice Breuer – Moore School of Business, Univ. of South Carolina        
Arturo Bris – Yale School of Management        
J. Lawrence Broz – Univ. of California, San Diego        
Marko Brunner – University of Giessen        
Dick Bryan – Sydney University        
Ralph C. Bryant – Brookings Institution        
Christopher Budd – Centre for Associative Economics, Canterbury 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Willem Buiter – European Bank for Reconstruction & Dev.        
Ales Bulir – Czech National Bank        
Maurice Bun – University of Amsterdam        
Kraiwinee Bunyaratavej – George Washington University        
Craig Burnside – University of Virginia        
Ariel Burstein – Northwestern University, Chicago        
Ricardo Caballero – Massachusetts Inst. of Technology        
Mustafa Caglayan – University of Liverpool        
Jun Cai – City University, Hong Kong        
Lars Calmfors – Stockholm University        
Guillermo Calvo – University of Maryland        
Mariam Camarero – Universitat Jaume I, Espana        
Jose Manuel Campa – IESE Business Sch.,Univ de Nav.        
Matthew Canzoneri – Georgetown University        
Guglielmo Maria Caporale – South Bank Univ., London        
Alina Carare – International Monetary Fund        
Barry Carin – Center for Global Studies, Univ of Victoria, Canada 3 4 7 19 August email "I agree that the idea is intriguing and worthwhile."
Jack L. Carr – University of Toronto        
Francesca Carrieri – McGill University        
David Carter – Oklahoma State University        
Alessandra Casella – Columbia University        
Olli Castren – European Central Bank        
Michele Ca’zorzi – European Central Bank        
Rajesh Chakrabarti – Georgia Institute of Technology        
Alex Chan – University of Hong Kong, School of Econ        
Roberto Chang – Rutgers University, New Jersey        
Chi-Chur Chao – Chinese University of Hong Kong        
Varadarajan Chari – University of Minnesota, FRB, Mnpls        
Sophie Chauvin – CEPII, France        
Chuling Chen – Univ. of California at Los Angeles        
Nai-fu Chen – Hong Kong University of Science & Tech.        
Yueh Chen – National Sun Yat Sen University, Taiwan        
Yu-Fu Chen – University of Dundee, Scotland        
Yin-Wong Cheung – University of California, Santa Cruz        
Jason Childs – University of New Brunswick at Saint John, Canada        
Menzie David Chinn – University of California, Santa Cruz        
Dionysios Chionis – University of Thessaly, Greece        
Georgios Chortareas – Bank of England        
Hwee Kwan Chow – Monetary Authority of Hong Kong        
Bhagwan Chowdhry – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Stijn Claessens – University of Amsterdam        
Richard Clarida – Columbia University        
William Clark – New York University        
David Cleeton – Oberlin College, Ohio        
David Cobham – University of St. Andrews, Scotland        
John Cochrane – University of Chicago, Grad. Bus. Sch.        
Benjamin Cohen – University of California at Santa Barbara -2 0 -2 20 July 2003 email.  Not support, but, still, "It is important to get people thinking about the problem of monetary instability."
Daniel Cohen – DELTA-ENS, Paris & CDPR, London        
Andrew Coleman – University of Michigan        
Fabrice Collard – GREMAQ, University of Toulouse        
Richard Cooper – Harvard University 2 3 5 18 July 2003 email.  Supports SGC for industrialized countries, but not others.  Need an international structure that would ‘command legitimacy."
Russell Cooper – Boston University        
Vittorio Corbo – Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile        
Max Corden – University of Melbourne        
Fabrizio Coricelli – Universita degli Studi di Siena        
Luisa Corrado – Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Verg        
Giancarlo Corsetti – Yale, University of Rome        
Serge Coulombe – University of Ottowa        
Thomas Courchene – Queens University, Ontario        
Roger Craine – University of California, Berkeley        
Jerome Creel – Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE)        
Phomchanok Cumperayot -Chulaongkom Univ, Bangkok        
Magnus Dahlquist – Duke University, Fuqua Sch. of Bus.        
Jon Danielsson – London School of Economics        
Cinzia Daraio – Sant’ Anna School of Advanced Studies        
Paul Davidson – University of Tennessee 3 3 6 28 July 2003 email. "A single global currency may be the best innovation available to improve economic stability, propagate prosperity, and eliminate currency crises."
James Dean – Western Washington University        
Paul de Grauwe – Catholic University of Leuven        
Jakob de Haan – Rijksuniversiteit Groningen,Netherlands        
Abe de Jong – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Augusto de la Torre – World Bank        
Robert Dekle – University of Southern California        
Harris Dellas – University of Bern        
J. Bradford DeLong – University of California, Berkeley        
Jean Dermine – INSEAD, Fontainebleau -2 0 0 22 July email. " ability of some countries to devalue has proven to be helpful in many cases."
Giorgio DeSantis – Goldman Sachs Asset Management        
Roberto DeSantis – European Central Bank        
Lucio Vinhas de Souza – Kiel Institute for World Econ.        
Michael B. Devereux – University of British Columbia        
Caspar de Vries – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Hans Dewachter – Katholieke Universiteit Leuven        
Payayiotis Diamandis – Athens University of Econ & Bus.        
Ali Dib – Bank of Canada        
Avinash Dixit – Princeton University        
Wendy Dobson – University of Toronto, Rotman School        
Walter Dolde – University of Connecticut, Business School        
Ilker Domac – Turkey Central Bank        
Kathryn Dominguez – University of Michigan, Ann Arbor        
Michael Dooley – Univ. of Calif., Santa Clara, and Deutsche Bank        
James Dorn – Cato Institute        
Ettore Dorrucci – European Central Bank        
John A. Doukas – Stern School of Business, New York University        
Kevin Dowd – Nottingham Univ. Business School        
Allan Drazen – Tel Aviv University        
Imed Drine – Universite Paris I Pantheon – Sorbonne        
Bill Dupor – Ohio State University        
John Edmunds – Babson College 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Sebastian Edwards – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Balazs Egert – University of Paris X-Nanterre        
Martin Eichenbaum – Northwestern University        
Barry Eichengreen –  Univ. of California,  Berkeley        
M. Shahe Emran – Georgetown University        
Charles Engel – University of Wisconsin        
Jacob Engwerda – Tilburg University        
Horst Entorf – Darmstadt University of Technology        
Gazi Ercel – Ercel Global Advisory (formerly Turkey Central Bank)        
Pavel Erochkine – Center for Global Studies, London 2 3 5 29 Sept 2003 email.  "A gradual return to a Bretton Woods-like system may be desirable, at least for the industrialised countries.  A world single currency could then be a natural next step."
Vihang Errunza – McGill University        
Martin Evans – Georgetown University        
Christina Evelies-Metz – University of Frankfurt        
Eduardo Fajnzylber – University of California, Los Angeles        
Antonio Fatas – INSEAD        
Jeff Faux – Economic Policy Institute, Washington        
Christopher Fawson – Utah State University        
Daniela Federici – University of Rome        
Edgar Feige – University of Wisconsin        
Holger Feist – Princeton University        
Jonathan Feinstein – Yale School of Management        
Martin Feldstein – Harvard and Nat’l Bur of Econ Research        
Gianluca Femminis – Univ. Cat. del Sacro Cuore di Milano        
Eduardo Fernandez-Arias – Inter-American Development Bank        
David Fielding – WIDER and University of Leicester        
Stefano Firpo – European Central Bank        
Lance Fisher – University of New South Wales        
Christoph Fischer – Deutsche Bundesbank        
Stanley Fischer – Citigroup International        
Marc Flandreau – Institut d’Etudes Politiques, Paris        
John E. Floyd – University of Toronto        
Michael Folkerts-Landau – Deutsche Bank        
Lionel Fontagne – CEPII, Paris        
Kristin Forbes – Sloan School of Management, MIT        
Jeffrey Frankel – Harvard University        
Myron Frankman – McGill University        
Wolfgang Franz – Centre for European Economic Res.        
Michele Fratianni – University of Indiana        
Marcel Fratzscher – European Central Bank        
Michael Frenkel – WHU Business School, Germany        
Benjamin Friedman – Harvard University        
David D. Friedman – Santa Clara University, Sch. Of Law        
Kenneth Froot – Harvard Business School        
Eiji Fujii – University of Tsukuba, Japan        
Katje Funke – WHU Business School, Germany        
Michael Funke – University of Hamburg        
Maria Dolores Gadea – University of Zaragoza        
James K. Galbraith – University of Texas        
John Kenneth Galbraith – Harvard (emeritus)        
Jordi Gali – Center of Int’l Economic Research, Barcelona        
Sebastian Galiani – Univ. de San Andres, Buenos Aires        
Giancarlo Gandolfo – University of Rome        
Peter Garber – Deutsche Bank        
Emma Garcia – Foundation for Applied Economic Research        
Anthony Garratt – University of Leicester        
Harry Garretson – School Economics, Utrecht University        
Thomas Gehrig – Univ. of Freiburg        
George Georgopoulos – York University        
Dimitris Georgoutsos – Athens University of Econ & Business        
Bruno Gerard – Norwegian School of Management        
Stefan Gerlach – University of Basel & Hong Kong Mon.        
Mark Gertler – New York University        
Edward Ghartey – University of West Indies, Jamaica        
Animesh Ghoshal – Depaul University        
Curzio Giannini – Banca d’Italia        
Francesco Giavazzi – University Bocconi        
Christopher Gilbert – Queen Mary and Westfield College        
Simon Gilchrist – Boston University        
Martin Glaum – Justus-Liebig Universitat Giessen        
Reuven Glick – Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco        
Niko Gobbi – Ghent University        
Wayne Godley – Cambridge Endowment for Research Finance        
Ilan Goldfajn – Pontifical Univ. Catolica do Rio Di Janeiro        
Morris Goldstein – Institute for International Economics        
Charles Goodhart – London School of Economics        
Gautam Goswami – Fordham University        
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas – Princeton University        
Luke Gower – Reserve Bank of Australia        
Philip Gray – World Bank        
Jerry Green – Harvard University -5 0 -5 14 Oct 2003 email.  "I believe it is ill advised  and do not want to be included on any list of people who are interested in it in any way."
David Greenaway – Nottingham University        
Alan Greenspan – Federal Reserve Board        
Thomas Grennes – North Carolina State University        
Marianna Grimaldi – Catholic University of Leuven        
Mark Grinblatt – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Daniel Gros, Dir., Centre for European Policy Studies        
Herbert Grubel – Simon Fraser University (emeritus) 4? 5? 9

20 July 2003 "A world currency represents a distant dream for humanity."

6 Oct 2003 " I advocate the creation of a set of regional currency blocks, which may or may not eventually lead to a global currency."

Mar Gudmundsson – Bank of Iceland        
Alexander Guembel – University of Oxford, Said Bus Sch        
Christopher Gust – Trade & Quantitative Studies, FRB        
Robert Guttmann – Hofstra University, New York. 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Thomas Haefliger – Pictet Strategic Advisory Group        
Jean-Olivier Hairault – University of Paris        
Galina Hale – Yale University        
George Hall – Yale University        
Patricia Hall – Central Connecticut State University.        
Stephen Hall – Imperial College, London        
Koichi Hamada – Yale University        
A. Javier Hamann – International Monetary Fund        
Peter Hammond – Stanford University        
Bing Han – University of Calgary, Haskayne School of Business        
Steven Hanke – Cato Institute, Washington        
Richard Harris – Simon Fraser University        
Charles Harvie – University of Wollongong        
Yuko Hashimoto – Keio University, Japan        
Harald Hau – INSEAD        
Shmuel Hauser – Ben-Gurion University of the Negev        
Ricardo Hausmann – Kennedy School, Harvard University        
Pierre-Cyrille Hautcoeur – University of Paris        
Marc Hayford – Loyola University, Grad. School of Bus.        
Bernd Hayo – Essen University       30 Oct 03 email – "It is neither desirable nor possible to introduce the global currency now.  The usefulness clearly depends on the structure of the particular economies that make up the international economy.  I would be much more in favor of gradually expanding the group of countries that make up the currency union than to include all countries from one particular day onwards."
Richard Heaney – Australian National University        
Jonathan Heathcote – Georgetown University        
Carsten Hefeker – HWWA,Institute for Int’l Economics        
Frank Heinemann – Ludwig-Maximilians University, Mun.        
Eric Helleiner – York University, Ontario        
John Helliwell – University of British Columbia        
Elhanan Helpman – Harvard University        
C. Randall Henning -Institute for International Economics        
Marketta Henriksson – Econ. Dept., Fin. Ministry, Finland        
Olan Henry – University of Melbourne        
Jesper Hansson – Konjunkturinstitutet, Stockholm        
David Heuther – National Assn. of Manufacturers, U.S.        
Piere Hillion – INSEAD and CEPR        
Holger Himmell – University of Giessen, Germany        
Michael Hiscox – Harvard University        
Eduard Hochreiter – Vienna University        
Robert Hodrick – Columbia Business School        
Peter Hoeller – Org. for Economic Cooperation and Development        
Mathias Hoffmann – University of Dortmund, Germany        
Patrick Honohan – Trinity College, Dublin; CERF, World Bank        
Adam Honig – Columbia University        
Vince Hooper – University of New South Wales, Australia        
Doug Hostland – Bank of Canada        
Jonathan T.B. Howe – Merrill Lynch Capital Management        
Felix Huefner, Centre for European Economic Research        
Roger Huang – University of Notre Dame, Indiana        
Gary Hufbauer – Institute for International Economics        
Andrew Hughes Hallett, University of Strathclyde, U.K.        
Jonathan Huntley – Independent        
Michael Hutchison – Univ. of California, Santa Cruz        
Namwon Hyung – University of California, San Diego        
Takatoshi Ito – Hitotsubashi University, Gov’t of Japan        
Alex Izurieta – Levy Institute 2 2 4 26 July 2003 email.  Questioned feasibility without stronger world government structure. 
Henk Jager – University of Amsterdam -2 0 -2 17 August 2003 email.
Harold James – Princeton University        
Bostjan Jazbec – University of Ljubljana, Slovenia        
David-Jan Jensen – Bank of The Netherlands        
Marketta Jarvinen – Helsinki School Of Econ & Bus Admin.        
Olivier Jeanne – Ecole Nat’le des Ponts et Chaussees        
Michael Jenkins – St. Lawrence University        
David-Dan Jensen – Bank of the Netherlands        
Henrik Jensen – Kobenhavns Universitet        
Svend Jensen – Centre Economic & Business Res., Denmark        
Bang Nam Jeon – Drexel University, Philadephia        
Juan Francisco Jimeno-Serrano – Foundation Applied Economics        
Asa Johansson – National Inst. Econ. Research, Sweden        
Brad Jones – Macquarie University        
Oscar Jorda – University of California, Davis        
Vijay Joshi – Oxford University        
Amrit Judge – Middlesex University, U.K.        
Gregory Jump – University of Toronto        
Fadhel Kaboub – Center, Full Employment & Price Stability -5 0 -5 per 24 July 2003 email from Stephanie Bell, above.
Miles Kahler – University of California, San Diego        
Charles Kahn – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champ.        
Steven Kamin – Federal Reserve Bank, U.S.        
Angelos Kanas – University of Crete        
Madga Kandil – University of Wisconsin        
George Kapetanios – University of London        
Stanley Kardasz – University of Waterloo        
G. Andrew Karolyi – Fisher College of Business, Ohio St.        
George Karras – University of Illinois at Chicago        
Anil Kashyap – University of Chicago        
Julian Kassum – International Chamber of Comerce       23 October 2003 email.  "Although we find this issue interesting and thought-provoking, we are not able to take a position on the single global currency at this time. Many thanks for your consideration and best wishes for your movement.
Martin Kazaks – University of London        
Adrienne Kearney – University of Maine        
Colm Kearney – Trinity College, Dublin        
Patrick Kehoe – University of Minnesota & FRB, Minneapolis        
Hubert Kempf – University of Paris        
Bernd Kempa – University of Essen        
Peter Kenen – Princeton University        
Mike Kennedy – Org. for Economic Cooperation and Development        
Katri Kerem – Tallinn Technical University, Estonia        
Bengi Kibritcioglu – Undersecretariat of the Treasury, Turkey        
Tomoo Kikuchi – University of Bielefeld, Deutschland        
Lutz Kilian – University of Michigan, European Central Bk        
William Killeen – Setanta Asset Management        
Soyoung Kim – University of Illinois, Urbana        
Yoonbai Kim – National University of Singapore        
Alena Kimakova – York University        
Jonathan Kirshner – Cornell University        
Franc Klaasen – Universiteit van Amsterdam        
Stefanie Kleimeier – University of Maastricht        
Michael Klein – Fletcher School, Tufts University        
Kenneth Kletzer – University of California, Berkeley        
Marcus Knell – Oesterreichische Nationalbank        
Johan Knif – Swedish School of Economics and Bus Ad.        
Laure Ellen Kodres – International Monetary Fund        
Kees Koedijk – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Robert Kollmann – University of Bonn        
John Komlos – University of Munich and CESifo        
Alexander Kondonassis – Oklahoma University        
Clemens Kool – LIFE, Maastricht University        
Yrjo Koskinen – Stockholm School of Economics        
Georgios Kouretas – University of Crete        
Gregory Koutmos – Dolan Business School, Fairfield U.        
Alan Krause – Reserve Bank of Australia        
Jan Kregel – United Nations Conf on Trade & Development        
Arvind Krishnamurthy – Northwestern University        
Paul Krugman – New York Times        
Kenneth Kuttner – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Robert Kuttner – The American Prospect        
Nyo Nyo A. Kyaw – Kent State University, Ohio        
Robert LaFrance – Bank of Canada        
Amina Lahreche-Revil – CEPII, France        
Kon Lai – California State University, Los Angeles        
David Laidler – University of Western Ontario        
Deepak Lal – University of California at Los Angeles        
Philip Lane – Trinity College, Dublin        
Larry H.P. Lang – The Chinese University of Hong Kong        
Rolf Langhammer – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Nikiforos Laopodis – Fairfield University, Conn. U.S. 2 4 6 7 Nov 03 email – "Although I would support such a move, I am not sure as to the timing of it at this point….. It will take a lot of time and persuasion, but it can be done."
Nicholas Lardy – Institute for International Economics        
Felipe Larrain – Pontifica Universidad Catolica de Chile        
Sebastian Laurent – University of Liege        
Christelle LeCourt – University of Lille        
Francisco Ledesma-Rodriguez – Univ. de La Laguna        
Jong-Wha Lee – Korea University        
Florence Legros – CEPII and University of Paris        
Ugar Lel – Indiana University, Kelley School of Business        
David Levine – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Carlos Liard-Muriente – University of Massachusetts        
Bernard Lietaer – Center for Sustainable Resources, Univ. of California, Berkeley.        
Hong-Jen Lin – Nyack College, U.S. -2 0 -2 14 Aug. email.
Winston Lin – State University of New York, Sch of Mgmt        
Abraham Lioui – Bar-Ilan University, Israel        
Alina Luca – Michigan State University        
Jinhui Luo – University of London        
John Lipsky – J.P. Morgan, New York        
Jane Little – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston        
Bernard Lietaer -Berkeley        
Jeroen Ligterink – University of Amsterdam        
Olivier Loisel – CNRS, Nat’l Center for Scientific Res. FR        
Kirsten Lommatzsch – DIW Berlin, German Inst Econ Rs        
Jesus Lopez – Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Espana        
Cornelis Los – Kent State University        
James Lothian – Fordham Business School, Fordham U        
Thomas Lubik – Johns Hopkins University        
Robert Lucas – University of Chicago        
Matthias Lutz – Universitaet St. Gallen, CH        
Richard Lyons – University of California, Berkeley        
Marco Lyrio – Katholieke Universiteit de Leuven        
Yue Ma – Lingnan University, Hong Kong        
Ronald MacDonald – University of Strathclyde, Glasgow        
George Macesich – Florida State University        
Bartosz Mackowiak – Princeton University        
Victor Macrae – Infrastructure Proj Finance Dept, ING Bk        
Gary Madden – Curtin University of Technology, Perth AU        
Ivo Maes – Katholieke Universiteit de Leuven        
Francisco Maeso-Fernandez        
Ronald Mahieu – Erasmus University        
Basma Majerbi – McGill University        
A.G. (Tassos) Malliaris – Loyola University, Chicago        
Paolo Manasse – Universita di Bologna        
Massimiliano Marcellino – IGIER, Bocconi University        
Nelson Mark – University of Notre Dame        
Nancy Marion – Dartmouth College        
Carmen Marin – Universidad de Murcia, Espana        
Giancarlo Marini – Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Ve        
Reyes Maroto-Illera – Found. for Applied Economic Res        
Terry Marsh – University of California, Berkeley        
John Marthinsen – Babson College        
Anna Martin – Fairfield University, U.S.        
Antoine Martin – Federal Reserve Bank, Kansas City        
Philippe Martin – University of Paris        
Joseph Massey – Center for Int’l Business, Tuck School, Dartmouth        
Paul Masson – Brookings Institution 1 3 4 22 July 2003 email.  "not [feasible] as long as governments put other goals before exchange rate stability"
Aki Matsui – University of Tokyo        
Kiminori Matsuyama – Northwestern University        
Laszlo Matyas – Central European University, Budapest        
Laurence Mauer – St. Johns University, New York        
Bennett McCallum – Carnegie-Mellon        
Robert McCauley – Bank for International Settlements        
Warwick McKibbin – Australian National University -2 0 -2 4 Aug. 2003 email, but also expressed an interest in exploring further the utility and feasibility.
Ronald McKinnon – Stanford        
Michael Meeropol – Western New England College, U.S.        
Christopher Meissner – University of British Columbia        
Jacques Melitz – University of Strathclyde, Glasgow        
Marc Melitz – Harvard        
Pierre Mella-Barral – London Business School        
Allan Meltzer – Grad School of Ind. Admin, Carnegie-Mellon        
Lukas Menkhoff – University of Hannover        
Pierre-Guillaume Meon – Universite Robert Schuman        
Christina Metz – University of Frankfurt        
Ilian Mihov – INSEAD        
Ibolya Mile – University of Duisburg, Germany        
Marcus Miller – University of Warwick        
Ida Mirzaie – John Carroll University, U.S.        
Frederic Mishkin – Columbia        
Alesandro Missale – University of Florence        
Srobona Mitra – International Monetary Fund        
Beatrice Kalinda Mkenda – Econ. & Soc.Res. Found, Tanz.        
Ashoka Mody – World Bank        
Javier Monfort – Universitat Jaume I, Espana        
Francesco Mongelli – European Central Bank        
Peter Montiel – Williams College        
Michael Moore – Queens University, Belfast        
Fairborz Moshirian – Univ. of New South Wales        
Sima Motamen-Samadian – University of Westminster        
Cal Muckley – Trinity College, Dublin        
Robert Mundell – Columbia University 5 5 10 22 October 2003 email. "I applaud all efforts to get support for a global currency. Good luck!"
Gulnur Muradoglu – Cass Business School, London        
John Murray – Bank of Canada        
Michael Mussa – Institute for International Economics        
Manuel Navarro-Ibanez – University of La Laguna        
Manfred J.M. Neumann – University of Bonn        
Pablo Andres Neumeyer – University Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires        
Serena Ng – University of Michigan, Ann Argor        
Mattias Nilsson – Stockholm Institute for Financial Research        
Peter Nunnenkamp – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
D. Mario Nuti – University of London        
Maurice Obstfeld – Berkeley        
Stephen O’Connell – Swarthmore College        
Eli Ofek – Stern School of Business, New York University        
Eiji Ogawa – Hitotsubashi University        
John Okunev – Principal Global Investors, New York        
Nilss Olekalns – University of Melbourne        
Walid Ben Omrane – Catholic University of Louvain        
Guillermo Ordonez – Univ. of California at Los Angeles        
Chiara Osbat – Institut Universitaire European, Italy        
F. Gulcin Ozkan – University of York        
Pier Carlo Padoan – University of Rome        
Giovanna Paladino – Sao Paolo IMI        
Ugo Panizza – Inter-American Development Bank        
Christos Pantzalis – University of South Florida, Coll Bus.        
Athanasios Papadopoulos – University of Crete        
Christos C. Paraskevopoulos, York University        
Yung Chul Park – Korea University        
David Parsley – Owen Management School, Vanderbilt        
David Pasquariello – New York University, Stern Bus. Sch        
Ivan Pastine – Bilkent University, Ankara        
Catherine Pattillo – International Monetary Fund        
Andrew Patton – University of London        
Louis Pauly – University of Toronto        
Anna Pavlova – Sloan School of Management, MIT        
Richard Payne – University of London        
Loriana Pelizzon – University of Padua        
Eric Pentecost – Loughborough University        
Francisco Perez-Bermejo – Found. For Applied Econ R.        
Maria Soledad Martinez Peria – World Bank        
Fabrizio Perri – Stern School of Business, New York Univ.        
Torsten Persson – Institute for International Economic Studies        
Paolo Pesenti – Federal Reserve Bank of New York        
Peter Petri – Brandeis        
Iva Petrova – Michigan State University        
Kate Phylaktis – City University Business School, London        
Christian Pierdzioch – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Giovanni Piersanti – Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor V        
Laura Piscitelli – University of Strathclyde, U.K.        
Joseph Plasmans – Universiteit Antwerpen        
John Pointon – University of Plymouth, U.K.        
Patricia Pollard – Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis        
Helen Popper – Santa Clara University, California        
Richard Portes – London School of Economics        
Adam Posen – Institute for International Economics, U.S.        
James Powell – Bank of Canada        
Bengt Pramborg – Stockholm University School of Bus.        
Mahesh Pritamani – Frank Russell Company, U.S.        
Zacharias Psaradakis – Birbeck College, Univ. of London        
Min Qi – Kent State University        
Duo Qin – University of London        
Ramkishen Rajan – University of Adelaide        
Bo Rasmussen – University of Aarhus, Denmark        
Christophe Rault – University of Evry Val d’Essonne        
Assaf Razin – Tel Aviv University        
Weshah Razzak – Department of Labour, New Zealand        
Sergio Rebelo – Kellogg School of Mgmnt, Northwestern        
Angela Redish – University of British Columbia        
Alan Reichert – College of Business, Cleveland State University, Ohio        
Carmen Reinhart – University of Maryland        
Beate Reszat – Hamburg Institute of Int’l Economics        
Helene Rey – Princeton University        
Roberto Rigobon – Mass. Institute of Technology (MIT)        
Dagfinn Rime – Stockholm Institute for Financial Res.        
Felix Rioja – Georgia State University        
Maurice Roche – National University of Ireland        
Hugo Rodriquez-Mendizabal – Universitat de Barcelona        
Dani Rodrik – Kennedy School, Harvard        
Carol Ann Rogers – Georgetown University        
Jeff Rogers – KPMG, Canada        
Kenneth Rogoff – Harvard, International Monetary Fund -2 0 -2 28 July 2003 email.
Christina Romer – University of California, Berkeley        
David Romer – University of California, Berkeley        
Arjen Ronner – Free University of Amsterdam        
Andrew Rose – University of California, Berkeley        
Jacek Rostowski – Central European University        
J.C. Robin Rowley- McGill University, Montreal        
Nouriel Roubini – New York University        
Rasmus Rueffer – European Central Bank        
Witold Rutkowski – Higher School Economics, Warsaw        
Marcela Sabate – University of Zaragoza        
Jeffrey Sachs – Earth Institute, Columbia University        
Ayako Saiki – Brandeis University, Int’l Business School        
Torbjorn Sallstrom – Stockholm School of Economics        
Dominick Salvatore – Fordham University, New York        
Shawna Samuel – Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton        
Harald Sander – University of Applied Sciences, Cologne        
Pedro Santa-Clara – Univ. of California, Los Angeles        
Roberto Santillan – EGADE-ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico        
Lucio Sarno – University of Warwick        
Malcolm Sawyer – University of Leeds and Levy Institute -3 0 -3 21 July 2003 email.  "requires level of [world] government."
John Schindler – Federal Reserve Board of Governors        
Katerina Schmidkova – Czech National Bank        
Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, Banco Central de Chile        
Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe – Rutgers University, New Jersey        
Sergio Schmukler – World Bank        
Gunther Schnabel – University of Tubingen        
Bernd Schnatz – Deutsche Bundesbank        
Barry Scholnick – University of Alberta        
Frank Schorfheide – University of Pennsylvania        
Peter Schotman -Maastricht University        
Michael Schroeder -Cntr for European Econ Res (ZEW)        
Kurt Schuler – Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress        
Donald Schunk – Uinversity of South Carolina        
Robert Schwartz – Economists Allied for Arms Reduction 5 5 10 Authorizer of Sept 2003 OECD letter.
Ranier Schweikert – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Robert Scott – Economic Policy Institute, Washington        
Dean Scrimgeour – University of California, Berkeley        
Marc-Alexandre Senegas – Universite Montesquieu        
Piet Sercu – Katholieke Universiteit Leuven        
Jose Maria Serrrano – University of Zaragoza        
Luis Serven – World Bank        
Jerome Sgard – CEPII, Paris        
Manuchehr Shahrokhi – California State University, Fresno and Global Finance Journal        
Rodney Shakespeare – Capital Ownership Group        
Rashmi Shankar – University of California, Santa Cruz, and Brandeis University        
Jeffrey Sheen – Univ. of New South Wales        
Judy Shelton – DUXX, Mexico        
Dilip Shome – Virginia Polytechnic Institute        
Milind Shrikhande – Georgia State University        
Tsang Shu-ki – Hong Kong Baptist University        
Yih-Wen Shyu – Chang Gung Univ. Taoyuan        
Anne Sibert – University of London        
Horst Siebert – Kiel Institute for World Economics        
Pierre Siklos – Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario        
Betty Simkins – Oklahoma State University        
Robert Skidelsky – House of Lords, U.K.        
Vijay Singal – Virginia Polytechnic Institute        
Kavaljit Singh – Public Interest Research Centre, New Delhi        
Boo Sjoo – University of Gothenburg        
Frank Smets – European Central Bank        
Sean Snaith – Univ. of North Dakota       7 October 2003 – "… it is an interesting concept. Best wishes in your endeavors."
Martin Sola – Universidad Torcuato Di Tella        
Haakon Solheim – Norwegian School of Management        
Vedran Sosic at Croatian National Bank        
Simon Sosvilla-Rivero – Found. Applied Econ Research        
Claudio Soto – Chile Central Bank        
Natalia Sourbeck – Center, Full Employmnt & Price Stability -5 0 -5 per 24 July 2003 email from Stephanie Bell, above.
Georg Stadtmann – WHU Business School, Germany        
Pierre St.-Amant – Bank of Canada        
Jerome Stein – Brown University        
Ernesto Stein – Inter-American Development Bank        
Joseph Stiglitz – Columbia University        
Helmut Stix – Oesterreichische Nationalbank        
Alan Stockman – University of Rochester        
Ken Stollery – University of Waterloo        
Frank Strobel – University of Birmingham, U.K.        
Hans Stoll – Vanderbilt University, Tennessee        
Jorge Miguel Streb – Universidad del CEMA, Buenos Aires        
Federico Sturzenegger – Universidad Torcuato Di Tella        
Donggyu Sul – University of Auckland        
Anne Sulling – Universite Paris IX Dauphine        
Lawrence Summers – Harvard University        
Peter Summers – University of Melbourne        
Oren Sussman – University of Oxford, Said Bus. School        
Richard Sweeney – Georgetown Univ., Mcdonough Bus.        
John Swieringa – Australian National University        
Gyorgy Szapary – National Bank of Hungary        
Adam Szeidl – Harvard University        
Chu-Sheng Tai – Texas A & M University,College Of Bus.        
Tuomas Takalo – Bank of Finland        
Cecilio Tamarit – Universitat de Valencia, Espana        
Vito Tanzi – Carnegie Endowment for Peace, Econ Ref.        
Fatma Taskin – Bilkent University, Ankara        
Jose Tavares – Universidad Nova de Lisboa        
George Tavlas – Bank of Greece        
Alan Taylor – University of California at Davis        
Mark Taylor – University of Warwick        
Stephen Taylor – Lancaster University, The Mgmnt Sch.        
Silvana Tenreyro – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston        
Alun Thomas – International Monetary Fund        
Ben Tims – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Mariano Tommasi – Univ. de San Andres, Buenos Aires        
Aaron Tornell – University of California, Los Angeles        
Martin Uribe – University of Pennsylvania        
Marc Uzan – Reinventing Bretton Woods Committee 3 4 7  
Giorgio Valente – University of Warwick        
Bas Van Aarle – Katholieke Universiteit Leuven        
Mathijs van Dijk – Erasmus University, Rotterdam        
Eric van Wincoop – University of Virginia        
Giovanni Vecchi – Universita di Roma Tor Vergata        
Carlos Vegh – University of California at Los Angeles        
Andres Velasco – Kennedy School, Harvard University        
Vello Vensel – Tallinn Technical University, Estonia        
Koen Vermeylen – Universiteit van Amsterdam        
Michael Veseth – University of Puget Sound        
Nicola Viegi – University of Strathclyde        
David Vines – Oxford University        
Paolo Vitale – University of London        
Focco Vijselaar – European Central Bank        
Paul A. Volcker – former Chair, U.S. Federal Reserve Board 5 5 10 "A global economy requires a global currency."
George von Furstenberg – Indiana University        
Juergen von Hagen – University of Bonn        
Robert Hunter Wade – London School of Economics        
Urs Waelchli – University of Bern, Switzerland        
Helmut Wagner – University of Hagen        
Niklas Wagner – Munich Institute of Technology        
Kim Walkowiak – University of Maastricht        
Ingo Walter – Stern Business School, NYU        
Kai Wang – Tunghai University, Taiwan        
Peijie Wang – Cass Business School, London 4 4 8 4 Oct 2003 email "A global currency will be a currency of people, for people and by people."
Yunjong Wang – Korea Institute for Int’l Economic Policy        
Jens Weidmann – University of Bonn        
Christian Weller, Economic Policy Institute, Wash, D.C. -2 0 -2

9 Sept 2003 email.  Not "a good idea since it imposes the same business cycle on all member countries."

Paul Weller – University of Iowa, Tippie Sch. Of Business        
Hans Werner-Sinn – University of Munich        
Frank Westermann – University of Munich and CESifo        
Derek White – University of New South Wales        
Thomas Willett – Claremont College, California        
Jeffrey Williamson – Harvard University        
John Williamson – Institute for International Economics 2 3 5 21 July 2003 email.  I am in favor of a world government, but to try and create a single global currency before that would be ridiculously premature."
Tony Wirjanto – Univ. of Waterloo, Canada        
Holger Wolf – Georgetown University        
Martin Wolf – The Financial Times        
Christian C.P. Wolff – University of Maastricht        
Timo Wollmershaeuser – Institute for Econ. Research        
Kit Pong Wong – University of Hong Kong        
L. Randall Wray – Univ. of Missouri        
Liuren Wu – Fordham University, School of Business        
Xueping Wu – City University of Hong Kong        
Daniel Wydler – Bank Von Graffenried AG        
Charles Wyplosz -Graduate Institute Int’l Studies,Geneva 2 3 7 26 July 2003 email. "A few generations ahead of your time."
Xinzhong Xu – Beijing University        
Uzi Yaari – Rutgers University, School of Business -2 0 -2 15 Aug. 2003 email
Shu Yan – University of Arizona        
Eduardo Yeyati – Escuela de Economia Empresarial        
Kamil Yilmaz – Koc University, Istanbul        
Ayoub Yosefi – Univ. of Western Ontario        
Lei Zhang – University of Warwick, Glasgow        
Rui Zhong – Fordham University        
Zizhong Zhou – University of Bonn        
Sijing Zong – Kent State University        
Amalia Morales Zumaquero – University of Malaga